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The macro-economic and societal impacts of the circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2017

The circular economy is an instrument to reduce primary resource use and environmental impacts of the economy. However, in current policy documents of the EU (EC 2015) it is also seen as a way to increase growth, employment, and international competitiveness. This may be one of the reasons why one would like to include the progress towards the circular economy in the communication between member states and the EC in the European Semester

...

The Interplay between the Circular Economy and the European Semester - An assessment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Arno Behrens, Vasileios Rizos

Source: 

CEPS

Year: 

2017

The European Semester is the European Union’s annual cycle of economic policy guidance and oversight. Although monitoring the achievement of Europe 2020 Strategy targets, some of which focus on energy and climate change, is among the key actions of the European Semester, the reviewers so far have concentrated on economic policies in the aftermath of the financial and economic crisis. The circular economy is currently part of the European Commission’s agenda for jobs, growth and investment, which are important themes of the Semester. Against this background, this paper assesses the extent...

Development of Guidance on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Véronique Monier et al.

Source: 

BIO by Deloitte, Arcadis, Ecologic Institute, Institute for European Environmental Policy, Umweltbundesamt

Year: 

2014

"The objective of this study is to describe, compare and analyse different types of EPR (extended producer responsibility) systems operating in the EU in order to identify guiding principles for their functioning." (p. 29)

Industrial Symbiosis in Kalundborg, Denmark: A Quantative Assessment of Economic and Environmental Aspects

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Noel Brings Jacobsen

Year: 

2006

"As a subdiscipline of industrial ecology, industrial symbiosis is concerned with resource optimization among colocated companies. The industrial symbiosis complex in Kalundborg, Denmark is the seminal example of industrial symbiosis in the industrial ecology literature. In spite of this, there has been no in-depth quantitative analysis enabling more comprehensive understanding of economic and environmental performances connected to this case. In this article some of the central industrial symbiotic exchanges, involving water and steam, in Kalundborg are analyzed, using detailed economic...

Drivers and barriers for shifting towards more service oriented businesses: Analysis of the PSS field and contributions from Sweden

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Oksana Mont

Source: 

The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University

Year: 

2002

The article provides some theoretical definitions of PSS and describes barriers and drivers to engaging in PSS economies.

Mastering Circular Business with the Value Hill

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Circle Economy

Source: 

Circle Economy, Sustainable Finance Lab, Nuovolente, TU Delft

Year: 

2016

This paper targets businesses who aspire to transition to a more circular model. The paper advocates for and describes a circular business model (or rather collection of business models) and tran-sition tool called the Value Hill. The value hill provides businesses with detailed information regarding how to best transition to a circular model as well as nuanced descriptions of best practice options. A key component of the Value hill is Network Organization which is an overarching concept/model/tool that encourages increased efficiency and circularity through collaborative partnerships and...

German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess) - programme for the sustainable use of natural resources

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety

Year: 

2012

"The current use of natural resources is already far exceeding the Earth’s regenerative capacity. A responsible and efficient use of natural resources will therefore be a key competence for any society seeking to ensure its future viability. Improving resource efficiency can limit environmental damage, strengthen the competitiveness of the German economy, create new jobs and secure long-term employment. Therefore, on 29 February 2012, the Federal Cabinet adopted the German Resource Efficiency Programme (ProgRess). With this, the German government implemented the decision in its Raw...

Resource efficiency in Europe - Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk, Mikkel Stenbæk Hansen, Jens Günther, David McKinnon, Christian Loewe, Fredrik Lingvall, Tamas Kristof Kallay, Jozsef Szlezak, Bettina Bahn-Walkowiak, Marton Herczeg, Dominic Wittmer

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2011

"This report provides an overview of resource efficiency policies and instruments in 31 member and cooperating countries of the EEA’s Eionet network. A detailed survey was conducted during the first half of 2011 to collect, analyse and disseminate information about national experiences in developing and implementing resource efficiency policies, with the goal to facilitate the sharing of experiences and good practice. The report reviews national approaches to resource efficiency and explores similarities and differences in policies, strategies, indicators and targets, policy drivers and...

More from less - material resource efficiency in Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk et al.

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report presents an overview of approaches to material resource efficiency and to circular economy in thirty two European countries. It explores similarities and differences in national policy responses, with respect to policy objectives, priority resources and sectors, driving forces, targets and indicators, and the institutional setup. The report also reviews the EU policy framework for resource efficiency and analyses trends in material use and resource productivity between 2000 and 2014. Finally, it includes a number of considerations for the development of future policies on...

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