Employment chances (skill level)

Resource Efficiency: Potential and Economic Implications

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paul Ekins, Nick Hughes et al.

Source: 

International Resource Panel

Year: 

2017

"This report examines the potential for increasing resource efficiency in industrialized countries, including the G7, emerging economies and developing countries. It focuses on the use of natural resources and the environment, including energy, land, water, raw materials: biotic and abiotic, marine and freshwater, oceanic and terrestrial. The evidence base includes the recent and ongoing work of the International Resource Panel, as well as that of a number of international organizations that have addressed this issue. The report also seeks to identify transboundary effects and discusses...

Job Creation in the Circular Economy - Increasing Resource Efficiency in Northern Ireland

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Peter Mitchell, Martin Doherty

Source: 

ReNEW

Year: 

2015

"This report addresses the broader aspects of circular economy employment in Northern Ireland. For circular economy activities such as recycling, re-use, re-manufacturing and bio-refining activities it examines for Northern Ireland: regional and occupation patterns of employment and how these might develop in the future; the potential for creating jobs in areas of higher unemployment; the likely location of occupations with appropriate skills amongst the unemployed and whether a growing circular economy can reverse the trend of declining mid-level occupations." (...

The Job Creation Potential of a Circular Economy for the EU

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

MVO Nederland

Year: 

2016

"This factsheet focuses on the job creation potential of a circular economy for the EU. MVO Nederland is looking for cooperation to get a better insight in the winners - and the losers as well - of a transition to a circular economy so the right policy decisions can be taken to speed up the process to a circular and inclusive economy. We aim to deepen our insights during 2015." (p. 1)

More from less - material resource efficiency in Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk et al.

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report presents an overview of approaches to material resource efficiency and to circular economy in thirty two European countries. It explores similarities and differences in national policy responses, with respect to policy objectives, priority resources and sectors, driving forces, targets and indicators, and the institutional setup. The report also reviews the EU policy framework for resource efficiency and analyses trends in material use and resource productivity between 2000 and 2014. Finally, it includes a number of considerations for the development of future policies on...

The Circular Economy: A review of definitions, processes and impacts

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Vasileios Rizos, Katja Tuokko, Arno Behrens

Source: 

CEPS

Year: 

2017

Transforming the linear economy, which has remained the dominant model since the onset of the Industrial Revolution, into a circular one is by no means an easy task. Such a radical change entails a major transformation of our current production and consumption patterns, which in turn will have a significant impact on the economy, the environment and society. Understanding these impacts is crucial for researchers as well as for policy-makers engaged in designing future policies in the field. This requires developing an in-depth knowledge of the concept of the circular economy, its processes...

Circular economy: a commentary from the perspectives of the natural and social sciences

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

European Academies Science Advisory Council

Source: 

EASAC

Year: 

2015

This commentary by the EASAC primarily examines the proposed benefits and potential enabling policies of the circular economy. A broad range of sources is used to recognize gaps and inadequacies in proposed benefits and policies in order to foster a substantial discussion among stakeholders as to how to proceed in the transition process. The study also examines barriers and indicators and comments on their nature and efficacy respectively. Furthermore, the commentary provides advice regarding avoidance of barriers and the use of proper indicators.

Earnings, jobs and innovation: the role of recycling in a green economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Anders Bjørn, Christian Fischer, Sabine Haselsteiner, Jan Kosmol, Christian Löwe, Naoko Tojo, Özgür Saki

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2011

"This short report explains the role of recycling in the green economy and examines the evidence of its contribution in Europe, focusing primarily on the economic benefits that recycling offers." (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/earnings-jobs-and-innovation-the)

GTAP

Type of evidence: 

‘GTAP was built as a general equilibrium model, assuming perfect competition and constant returns to scale, for 87 world regions and 57 commodities. The model allows for a sophisticated treatment of consumer demands, detailed treatment of international trade and transport costs and a global banking sector.’

Employment and the circular economy job creation through resource efficiency in London

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Peter Mitchell

Year: 

2015

"Several city leagues confirm that London is the best big city to live in, to work in, and to visit – renowned for its culture, diversity, innovation and leading position in sectors such as finance and professional services. But it also has a vibrant green economy, with exceptional skills in renewable energy, carbon finance and sustainable building technologies. Indeed, a 2013 report concluded that London’s Low Carbon Environmental Goods and Services1 sector now contributes over £25.4bn to the economy, with strong growth of over 5% year on year. Three possible plausible futures to 2030 for...

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