Agriculture/food/forestry/bioenergy

Advancing Resource Efficiency in Europe: Indicators and waste policy scenarios to deliver a resource efficient and sustainable Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Dr. Jane Beasley, Ray Georgeson

Source: 

European Environmental Bureau

Year: 

2014

The EEB’s report utilized a baseline scenario created by projections related to existing waste policy. They expanded upon this baseline by proposing policy adjustments in the form of new formulations and altered target setting, which they conclude could result in substantial positive environmental, social, and economic impacts. The report also emphasizes a strong belief in the success of in-creased regulatory policy moving forward.

The Circular Dairy Economy: Exploring the case for a farmer led, 'net positive' circular dairy sector

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Circle Economy, FrieslandCampina

Source: 

Circle Economy

Year: 

2016

The report focuses is on a proposed move toward circularity in the dairy industry. Recognizing the strong possibility that growth due to increased demand for dairy products will be seen in the future, the report advocates that the dairy industry transition to a more circular economic model not only to reduce the industries ecological footprint but also to ensure that producers maintain their “their license to operate. Furthermore, the report examines three possible circular transition pathways and analyzes their proposed benefits, policy implementation possibilities, and potential barriers...

Biodiesel produced by waste cooking oil: Review of recycling modes in China, the US and Japan

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Huiming Zhang, U.AytunOzturk, QunweiWang, Zengyao Zhao

Source: 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 

2014

"Waste cooking oil to biodiesel conversion efficiency depends on the recycling mode that is being practiced. The recycling modes in China, the US and Japan can be placed in two categories: third party take-back (TPT) and the biodiesel enterprise take-back (BET). We review the operation mechanisms of theses modes, their advantages and disadvantages in three countries and compare them using recycling costs and profits of biodiesel enterprises, subsidies for manufacturers, recycling rates, degree of administrative control, technical support and incentive mechanisms provided for the...

Bioenergy: how much can we expect for 2050?

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Helmut Haberl, Karl-Heinz Erb, Fridolin Krausmann, Steve Running, Timothy D Searchinger and W Kolby Smith

Source: 

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS

Year: 

2013

"Estimates of global primary bioenergy potentials in the literature span almost three orders of magnitude. We narrow that range by discussing biophysical constraints on bioenergy potentials resulting from plant growth (NPP) and its current human use. In the last 30 years, terrestrial NPP was almost constant near 54 PgC yr−1, despite massive efforts to increase yields in agriculture and forestry. The global human appropriation of terrestrial plant production has doubled in the last century. We estimate the maximum physical potential of the world's total land area outside croplands,...

The effect of bioenergy expansion: Food, energy, and environment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

J. Popp, Z.Lakner, M.Harangi-Rákos, M.Fári

Source: 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 

2014

"The increasing prices and environmental impacts of fossil fuels have made the production of biofuels to reach unprecedented volumes over the last 15 years. Given the increasing land requirement for biofuel production, the assessment of the impacts that extensive biofuel production may cause to food supply and to the environment has considerable importance. Agriculture faces some major inter-connected challenges in delivering food security at a time of increasing pressures from population growth, changing consumption patterns and dietary preferences, and post-harvest losses. At the same...

Cascading use of biomass: opportunities and obstacles in EU policies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Sini Eräjää

Source: 

BirdLife and European Environmental Bureau

Year: 

2015

BirdLife Europe has been intensively working to highlight the environmental risks of using crops grown on agricultural land for fuel instead of food, resulting in significant emissions from indirect land use change (ILUC). This work resulted in the EU to limit the use of food based biofuels in the transport sector.  

Risks and Opportunities in the Global Phosphate Rock Market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marjolein de Ridder, Sijbren de Jong, Joshua Polchar, Stephanie Lingemann

Source: 

HCSS

Year: 

2012

"The report aims primarily to raise awareness within Europe that the EU is almost entirely dependent on imported phosphate rock from the rest of the world and consequently vulnerable to disruptions in the supply of this important commodity. This means that the European food security and agricultural sector are at risk. The report formulates several perspectives for action on how the EU could deal with developments on the phosphate rock market and reduce its vulnerability to potential shocks." (p. 18)

Phosphorus recovery and recycling from waste: An appraisal based on a French case study

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Kalimuthu Senthilkumar, Alain Mollier, Magalie Delmas, Sylvain Pellerin,Thomas Nesme

Source: 

Year: 

2014

"Phosphate rocks, used for phosphorus (P) fertilizer production, are a non-renewable resource at the human time scale. Their depletion at the global scale may threaten global food and feed security. To prevent this depletion, improved P resource recycling from food chain waste to agricultural soils and to the food and feed industry is often presented as a serious option. However, waste streams are often complex and their recycling efficiency is poorly characterized. The aim of this paper is to estimate the P recovery and recycling potential from waste, considering France as a case study....

Role, impacts and services provided by European livestock production

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Livestock production is a sector of major economic importance that defines many European rural areas. It has become the focus of controversy over the past decade or more, particularly with regard to the environmental impacts it causes. It this context, it seemed useful to support this debate with a critical review of the state of scientific knowledge on the role, impacts, and services - environmental, economic, and social - associated with the European livestock production. Accordingly, the French ministries responsible for Agriculture and the Environment, in cooperation with the French...

Phosphorus flows and balances of the European Union Member States

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

K.C. van Dijk et al.

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Global society faces serious "phosphorus challenges" given the scarcity, essentiality, unequal global distribution and, at the same time, regional excess of phosphorus (P). Phosphorus flow studies can be used to analyze these challenges, providing insight into how society (re)uses and loses phosphorus, identifying potential solutions. Phosphorus flows were analyzed in detail for EU-27 and its Member States. To quantify food system and non-food flows, country specific data and historical context were considered. The sectors covered were crop production (CP), animal production (AP), food...

Pages

Subscribe to RSS - Agriculture/food/forestry/bioenergy