Agriculture/food/forestry/bioenergy

Phosphorus recycling from the waste sector

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

F.J. de Ruijter, W. van Dijk, J.C. van Middelkoop, H. van Reuler

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2015

This study was financed by the Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and is one of the projects on the Dutch phosphorus balance that have been carried out since 2005. One of the major results is the phosphorus flow model for the Netherlands that was used to describe phosphorus flows in 2005, 2008 and 2011. The results are described in a scientific paper:

Smit, A.L., Van Middelkoop, J.C., Van Dijk, W., Van Reuler, H., 2015. A substance flow analysis of phosphorus in the food production, processing and consumption system of the Netherlands. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 103: 1-13.

The...

Nutrient Recovery and Reuse (NRR) in European agriculture: A review of the issues, opportunities, and actions

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Alan Buckwell, Elisabet Nadeu

Source: 

RISE Foundation

Year: 

2016

"The report makes a thorough revision of the use of nitrogen and phosphorus in European agriculture and assesses the scope for increased nutrient recovery and reuse and the actions needed to make it possible.

Exponential growth in the flow of nutrients is causing serious environmental and public health impacts, posing the greatest threat to European food and environmental security. The study identifies three main levers to contain the growing damage: dietary change goals, improved crop and animal nutrient use efficiency and a reduction of waste. The study acknowledges that while ...

Sustainable Development in the European Union - Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Eurostat

Year: 

2017

"Sustainable development is firmly anchored in the European Treaties and has been at the heart of European policy for a long time. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, gives a new impetus to global efforts for achieving sustainable development. The EU is fully committed to playing an active role to maximise progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. This publication marks the beginning of Eurostat’s regular monitoring of progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. The...

Growth within: A circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ellen MacArthur et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation, the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment (sponsered by Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie)

Year: 

2015

This report seeks to answer five questions:

1. Is Europe’s current resource model effective?
2. Will the technology revolution solve Europe’s resource issues?
3. What would a circular economy in Europe look like?
4. What economic outcomes could a circular model achieve in Europe?
5. If Europe decided to shift towards a circular model, how could policy-makers and business leaders accelerate the transition?

Three of Europe’s most resource-intensive basic needs are discussed; food, mobility and the built environment, all together comprising 60% of...

Delivering the circular economy - a toolkit for policymakers

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew Morlet et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2016

This report wants to provide countries and their policy makers who are interested in a transition to the circular economy with a toolkit. To test this toolkit, a case study was performed for Denmark. It focused on opportunities in several sectors; food and beverage, construction and real estate, machinery, plastic packaging and hospitals. Eight important conclusions were drawn:

• The transition to a circular economy can deliver the expected lasting benefits of a more innovative, resilient and productive economy.
• The circular economy provides many opportunities that are...

Circular Economy: Measuring innovation in product chains

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

José Potting, Marko Hekkert, Ernst Worrell, Aldert Hanemaaijer

Source: 

PBL

Year: 

2016

This Dutch study aims to explore how the transition to a circular economy can be measured in the production chain and focuses on asking relevant policy questions for plastic packaging (bottles and other plastic packaging) and electrical devices (washing machines and dryers, and fridges and freezers). However, it does not provide corresponding indicators.

Three types of CE-transitions are identified:
• CE-transitions that place the development of a specific, radical new technology central
• CE-transitions that place socio-economic change central
• CE-transitions...

Circular economy in Europe: Developing the knowledge base

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Almut Reichel, Mieke De Schoenmakere, Jeroen Gillabel

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

This report seeks to help policy makers to better understand the circular economy, by focusing on four of its dimensions; the main enabling factors and transition challenges, indicators for measuring progress and contextual issues. One of the main conclusions regarding the monitoring of progress is that for now the focus is on developments in resource efficiency and waste management, which covers a part, but not the whole, of the circular economy. More data is needed on eco-design, the sharing economy, and repair and reuse. Furthermore, social indicators, industrial symbiosis indicators...

Circular by design: Products in the circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mieke De Schoenmakere, Jeroen Gillabel

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2017

"This report explores the circular economy from a product perspective, applying a systemic approach and transition theory. Drivers of product design and usage are discussed in the context of emerging consumption trends and business models. For governance to be effective, it has to address the product life-cycle and the societal context determining it. Indicators and assessment tools will be needed to fill the current data and knowledge gaps." (p. 6)

Ensuring bioenergy comes clean in the Clean Energy Package

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Sini Eräjää, Hanna Aho, Laura Buffet

Source: 

BirdLife Europe, Fern, Transport & Environment

Year: 

2017

"European climate and energy policies are built on the myth that all bioenergy - being a renewable energy source - is good for the climate and good for the environment. As the use of bioenergy in the EU is expected to more than double by 2020 compared to 2005, it's becoming clear that bioenergy is not the clean dream we all hoped it would be. In some cases it can even increase CO2 emissions (compared to fossil fuels) and in numerous instances it threatens nature by putting additional pressure on already burdened agricultural land and forests. As the demand for bioenergy grows (pushed by...

2015 Bioenergy Market Report

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ethan Warner, Kristi Moriarty, John Lewis, Anelia Milbrandt, Amy Schwab

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2017

"This report provides a status of the markets and technology development involved in growing a domestic bioenergy economy. It compiles and integrates information to provide a snapshot of the current state and historical trends influencing the development of bioenergy markets. This information is intended for policy-makers as well as technology developers and investors tracking bioenergy developments. It also highlights some of the key energy and regulatory drivers of bioenergy markets. This report is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO...

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