Quantitative assessment

Barriers to the Circular Economy: Evidence From the European Union (EU)

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Julian Kirchherr, Laura Piscelli, Ruben Bour, Erica Kostense-Smit, Jennifer Muller, Anne Huibrechtse-Truijens, Marko Hekkert

Source: 

Utrecht University, Deloitte

Year: 

2018

"The circular economy concept is much discussed in the European Union (EU), but only limited progress has been accomplished so far regarding its implementation. Most scholarly studies blame this on various technological barriers. Our work rebuts these studies. We present the first large-N-study on circular economy barriers in the EU (208 survey respondents, 47 expert interviews). We find that cultural barriers, particularly a lack of consumer interest and awareness as well as a hesitant company culture, are considered the main circular economy barriers by businesses and policy-makers....

Cooperation fostering industrial symbiosis market potential, good practice and policy actions

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Teresa Domenech, Asel Doranova, Matthew Smith

Source: 

Technopolis, UCL, International Synergies, Trinomics

Year: 

2018

This study aims to answer three main research tasks:

- Identify key succes factors as wel as issues hindering the development of industrial symbiosis
- Assess policy actions that support industrial symbiosis at different levels
- Assess the feasibility and options of EU-level interventions to contribute to scaling up and promoting IS initiatives across Europe or an EU-level trading platform for secondary raw materials (p. 10)

Leading the cycle - Finnish road map to a circular economy 2016-2025

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Sitra

Year: 

2016

"The Finnish Roadmap to achieve a Circular Economy goal is to create a shared mindset in Finnish society to promote the circular economy and determine the most effective means to do it. The Roadmap focuses on 5 focus areas, topics that will initially be used in advancing the circular economy in Finland. Based on Finland’s traditional strengths, these topics include a sustainable food system, forest-based loops, technical loops, transport and logistics, and joint actions." (https://circulareconomy.europa.eu/platform/en/...

Leading the transition - Action plan for circular economy in Portugal (2017-2020)

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ministry of Environment, Portugal

Year: 

2017

""Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal" was recently adopted by the portuguese Council of Ministers in december 11th 2017, published in the Journal of the Portuguese Government." (https://circulareconomy.europa.eu/platform/en/strategies)

Circular Economy Policies and Strategies of Germany

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Oliver Lah

Source: 

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

Year: 

2016

"Germany had an early start on its pathway towards a more efficient and sustainable growth. During the last decades, it developed ambitious energy, industrial, and environmental policies at the national level and played a very strong role in these areas at the European level. According to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the country’s strong  environmental  framework  makes  Germany  a  pioneer  in  sustainable development, which shows that a more efficient and low-carbon economy is compatible with growth (OECD, 2012). Germany’s National Strategy for...

London's Circular Economy Route Map

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

London Waste and Recycling Board

Year: 

2017

"The London circular economy route map outlines a vision of a capital city thriving through the adoption of the principles of circular economy: an economy which keeps products, components and materials at their highest use and value at all times." (https://circulareconomy.europa.eu/platform/en/strategies)

Environmental evaluation of concrete made from recycled concrete aggregate implementing Life Cycle Assessment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Nicolas Serres, Sandrine Braymand, Françoise Feugeas

Year: 

2016

"Recycled concrete aggregates from demolition constitute one of the largest waste streams within the developed countries. These study aims to quantify environmental impacts associated with mixing compositions of concrete made of waste materials by using LCA. Environmental performances of natural, recycled and mixed 20-mm concrete samples, formulated with the same mechanical strength regarding the functional unit, were evaluated. Eight millimeter concrete samples, formulated with natural or recycled (concrete or terracotta brick) aggregates - with the same volume composition of the granular...

Recycling Concrete

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

The Cement Sustainability Initiative

Year: 

2009

"In its report “Recycling Concrete” the CSI argues that the recycling of concrete can reduce natural resource exploitation and waste going to landfill. The report asks for an ultimate goal of “zero landfill” of concrete. The recovery of concrete falls between standard definitions of reuse and recycling: concrete is broken down into aggregates (granular material), generally to be used in road works, but also as aggregates in new concrete. Recovering concrete has two main advantages: it reduces the use of new virgin aggregate and the associated environmental costs of exploitation and...

Circular Economy Mapping Week

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Circular Economy Club

Year: 

2018

"CEC is thrilled by the participation, knowledge and network built through the Circular Economy Mapping Week held in over 65 cities worldwide during this past week [5th – 11th February 2018]. During this week, CEC Organizers voluntarily set up group sessions to map the circular initiatives in their cities. Workshops took place in 65+ cities, including Bangkok, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Madrid, Montreal, New York, London, São Paulo, Singapore and Taipei.

The CEC Mapping Week had two objectives:

  1. To bring together circular enthusiasts to discuss and learn
  2. ...

Electric vehicles in Europe

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report provides a non-technical summary of the latest information on electric road vehicles in Europe, including those with hybrid technologies. It focuses upon electric passenger vehicles, explaining the different types that are now available on the market, how each type works, and their respective advantages and disadvantages. The report also outlines how many countries in Europe are presently using incentives to encourage the further uptake of electric passenger vehicles, and it identifies the main barriers restricting their broader use. The latest information on electric...

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