The library contains a wealth of information on the circular economy for use by policy makers and analysts conducting impact assessments. For more information on impact assessments and the EU's Better Regulation Agenda, please click here.
‘GTAP was built as a general equilibrium model, assuming perfect competition and constant returns to scale, for 87 world regions and 57 commodities. The model allows for a sophisticated treatment of consumer demands, detailed treatment of international trade and transport costs and a global banking sector.’
"GAINS is an integrated systems model (composed of different sub-models that are brought together to function as a single system) designed to explore synergies and trade-offs between local and regional air pollution control and the mitigation of global greenhouse gas emissions. The model can help to explore different pollution control strategies across the world and determine the ones that maximize benefits."
"The GENIE model is focused on long-term paleo-climate change, and the future long-term response of the Earth system to human activities. It includes modules of atmosphere, ocean, sea-ice, marine sediments, land surface, vegetation and soil, ice sheets and energy."
"The Heureka project has developed software for forest management planning and analysis, with special focus on multi-purpose forestry. The software applications are intended for both large-scale and small-scale forestry and enables an integrated analysis of different utilities."
"The integrated dynamic model, INTEGRATOR has been developed, to assess European-wide responses of nitrogen (N) and green house gas (GHG) emissions to European-scale changes in land-use, land management and climate and to assess impacts of farm management on those fluxes."
"The LandCaRe-DSS is a platform providing tools and information related to climate change impact on different land-use systems, supporting users to decide on issues related to climate change impact in regional agriculture."
"MODAM is a bio-economic modelling system that functions as Multi-Objective Decision support tool for Agro-ecosystem Management. It simulates farmers’ decision behaviour underthe assumption of pure economic rationality."
"MONICA is a dynamic, process-based simulation model for agro ecosystems, simulating water, carbon and nitrogen cycles in soil and crop and their combined impact on crop growth and yield. MONICA calculates a large number of state variables on a daily basis using a handful of weather and site information."
"N-Vino is a dynamic, process-based simulation model for viticulture, simulating water and nitrogen cycles in soil and crop and their combined impact on crop growth and yield. NVino calculates a large number of state variables on a daily basis using a handful of weather and site information."
"REAP provides scenario and modelling and policy assessment on the issue of Sustainable Consumption and Production. Designed by the Stockholm Environment Institute and Centre for Urban and Regional Ecology, REAP uses some of the most sophisticated modelling approaches to understand the material flows, carbon dioxide emissions, greenhouse gas emissions and Ecological Footprint of the UK, regions and local authorities."
"The SUSMETRO Impact Assessment tool provides information on the expected effects of spatial planning with regard to the self-supportive capacities of the region (ecological footprint) and the share of recreational and nature conservation facilities (land uses functions), offering cost-benefit calculations regarding the expected economic revenues."
"TechnoGIN calculates the required inputs (labour demand, fertiliser demand, biocide demand, water demand and the related costs) for given target yields in a crop rotation. The generated input-output and cost-benefit relationships for the main crop activities in a region are next used in an optimization model (e.g. (FSSIM) at the farm or regional level."