Library

The library contains a wealth of information on the circular economy for use by policy makers and analysts conducting impact assessments. For more information on impact assessments and the EU's Better Regulation Agenda, please click here.

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    Circular City Governance - An explorative research study into current barriers and governance practices in circular city transitions across Europe

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Jan Jonker et al.

    Source: 

    EIB

    Year: 

    2018

    "Circular City Governance - An explorative research study into current barriers and governance practices in circular city transitions across Europe presents the results of an empirical research study carried out by a team of the Nijmegen School of Management, Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands), commissioned by the EIB. The research activities ran from October to December 2017. The main objective of the study was to support the EIB and other members of the UAPCE involved in the working group on “Circular City Governance” (CCG) with the identification, analysis and elaboration of...

    Impacts of circular economy policies on the labour market

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, ICF, Trinomics

    Year: 

    2018

    "The study looked at trends of circular economy activities across different sectors and quantified these activities as modelling inputs to provide employment changes for different sectors. Furthermore, the analysis provide estimates of the occupational shifts and skills requirements that a shift to a more circular economy could entail. The aim of this report is to develop an understanding of how a transition towards a more circular and resource efficient economy in Europe will affect labour markets across the Member States." (...

    Circular economy in cities: Reviewing how environmental research aligns with local practices

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Anna Petit-Boix, Sina Leipold

    Source: 

    Journal of Cleaner Production

    Year: 

    2018

    "Circular economy (CE) is gaining popularity at different levels with the promise of creating more sustainable processes. In this context, cities are implementing a number of initiatives that aim to turn them into sustainable circular systems. Whether these initiatives achieve their sustainability goals, however, is largely unknown. Nevertheless, as the application of CE strategies is actively encouraged by many policies across the globe, there is a need to quantify the environmental impacts and to identify the strategies that support urban sustainability. This paper analyses the extent to...

    Circular economy and health: opportunities and risks

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Alistair Hunt et al.

    Source: 

    WHO

    Year: 

    2018

    "The extensive use of natural resources threatens to exceed the carrying capacity of the Earth. The concept of a circular economy offers an avenue to sustainable growth, good health and decent jobs, while saving the environment and its natural resources. Further, the change from a linear economy (take, make, dispose) to a circular economy (renew, remake, share) is expected to support significantly the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 12 on responsible consumption and production. So far, however, the coverage of the health implications of a transition...

    Report on Economic Quantative Ex-Ante Assessment of DYNAMIX Policy Mixes

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Francesco Bosello et al.

    Source: 

    DYNAMIX project

    Year: 

    2016

    "The  purpose  of  deliverable  D6.2  is  to  support  with  a  quantitative  economic  assessment  the evaluation  of  a  set  of  policies  scrutinized  within  the  DYNAMIX  project, aiming  to  promote decoupling of resources use from GDP and material efficiency within the EU. The  analytical  tools  used  for  the  investigation  are  three  macro- economic  models,  ICES,MEMO  and  MEWA,  all  belonging  to  the  category  of  Computable  General  Equilibrium modelling,  but  with  complementary  characteristics.  More  specifically:  they  all  provide  a sectoral  representation ...

    Contemporary Resource Policy and Decoupling Trends - Lessons Learnt from Integrated Model-Based Assessments

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Mark Meyer et al.

    Source: 

    Sustainability

    Year: 

    2018

    "Addressing climate change and natural resource depletion has been key to the international and national sustainability agenda for almost 30 years. Despite existing efforts, global CO2 emissions and raw material use levels continue to grow. This seems to suggest the need for more systemic approaches in environmental policy. Our paper contributes modelling results to assess the potential of efficiency improvements to achieve absolute decoupling of global raw material use and environmental impacts from economic growth. We apply the global, dynamic MRIO model GINFORS to simulate potential...

    Report about integrated scenario interpretation GINFORS / LPJmL results

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Bernd Meyer et al.

    Source: 

    POLFREE project

    Year: 

    2015

    Meyer et al. examine a combined policy consisting in resource use and CO2 emissions reduction targets using the GINFORS model. Specifically, they analyze different ways of achieving environmental targets, which relate to CO2 emissions, cropland footprint, raw material consumption and water exploitation index. In the first case (“Global cooperation”), the authors assume that all countries in the world share the environmental targets and a global policy mix is adopted, which includes measures to reduce climate impacts and to enhance biotic and abiotic material...

    Report about integrated scenario interpretation EXIOMOD / LPJmL results

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Jinxue Hu et al.

    Source: 

    POLFREE project

    Year: 

    2015

    The work by Hu et al. (2015) was conducted within the same project as modelling by Meyer et al. (2015) and it examines the same set of scenarios. However, there are some major differences between the two exercises, including modelling principles, policy implementation and reference scenarios, which results in discrepancies in results. The GDP trajectory until 2050 estimated by Hu et al. (2015) is almost the same in the baseline as well as in the “Global cooperation” and “EU goes ahead” cases. Implementation of policies under both scenarios, however, appears to yield optimistic results in...

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