The library contains a wealth of information on the circular economy for use by policy makers and analysts conducting impact assessments. For more information on impact assessments and the EU's Better Regulation Agenda, please click here.
The report outlines the changes of the economies of OECD countries to become more service oriented. Because the article was published in 2000 it lacks the specificity to discuss PaS in depth, but is useful in general discussions of service oriented economies.
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University
Mont begins the article by outlining history of consumption, its consequences, and the sociological and anthropological undertones in consumption patterns. She then pivots the conversation to Product Service Sytems, defining it and explaining ist background. In brief, she charactizes PSS well as "the idea that people do not necessarily want a material product, rather utility." Importantly she acknowledges that there is not an inherrent link to environmental sustainability and PSS, stating instances where the producers and services providers are detached can lead to limited improvements of...
Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
"This study assesses the business environment affecting the collaborative economy across six themes (accommodation, transport, finance, public administration, business support and alignment) in the 28 EU Member States. The study has established indicators to measure the main features affecting the development of the collaborative economy. It has developed a “Collaborative Economy Index” to benchmark the business environment. Based on the Index results, the study puts forward suggestions for the further development of the collaborative economy in the EU. The study concludes that there is no...