Library

The library contains a wealth of information on the circular economy for use by policy makers and analysts conducting impact assessments. For more information on impact assessments and the EU's Better Regulation Agenda, please click here.

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    The Role of Additive Manufacturing in Improving Resource Efficiency and Sustainability

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Mélanie Despeisse, Simon Ford

    Year: 

    2015

    "Additive manufacturing is heralded as a revolutionary process technology. While it has yet to cause a dramatic transformation of the manufacturing system, there are early signs of how the characteristics of this novel production process can improve resource efficiency and other sustainability aspects. In this paper, we draw on examples from a wide range of products and industries to understand the role of additive manufacturing in sustainable industrial systems. We identify four main areas in which the adoption of additive manufacturing is leading to improved resource efficiency: (1)...

    New Life of the Building Materials- Recycle, Reuse and Recovery

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    W.Y. Ng, C.K. Chau

    Year: 

    2015

    "Bulk of construction wastes generated through the dismantling process in a building redevelopment project creates many environment problems. Greater efforts are needed to put on the End-Of-Life (EOL) of building materials. Recycling, reusing and recovering of demolished wastes can either help relieve the landfill capacity or ‘regain’ some energy from existing building materials in order to reduce the embodied energy use for in the next new built building. This paper proposes to use ‘energy saving potential’ to quantify the amount of energy at the EOL phase that can be made usable in the...

    Design for change and circularity - accommodating circular material & product flows in construction

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    R.J. Geldermans

    Year: 

    2016

    "Circular building concepts, as proposed within e.g. Circular Economy and Cradle-to-Cradle frameworks, imply radical changes for the construction sector. Cradle-to-Cradle® in particular has put forward the idea of buildings as material banks, radically altering the way material flows need to be managed. The notion of material banks (temporary storage of materials that comprise the building assemblies) sheds new light on the value of building materials and products, and how to maintain and restore this. The basics are straightforward: high quality, pure material use and anticipated material...