Library

The library contains a wealth of information on the circular economy for use by policy makers and analysts conducting impact assessments. For more information on impact assessments and the EU's Better Regulation Agenda, please click here.

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    Measuring circular economy strategies through index methods: A critical analysis

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Valerio Elia, Maria Grazia Gnoni, Fabiana Tornese

    Source: 

    Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Salento

    Year: 

    2015

    "In the last years, the circular economy (CE) paradigm is being widely explored by researchers and institutions as a possible path to increase the sustainability of our economic system. Reuse, repair and recycling are becoming crucial activities in many sectors. At the same time, companies are showing an increasing interest for this new economic model. However, the state of the art shows that a deep research on CE assessment and indicators is still lacking, in particular on the micro level. This work tries to fill this gap, first analyzing the current literature on CE assessment, then...

    Conceptualizing the circular economy: An analysis of 114 definitions

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Julian Kirchherr, Denise Reike, Marko Hekkert

    Source: 

    Utrecht University

    Year: 

    2017

    "The circular economy concept has gained momentum both among scholars and practitioners. However, critics claim that it means many different things to different people. This paper provides further evidence for these critics. The aim of this paper is to create transparency regarding the current understandings of the circular economy concept. For this purpose, we have gathered 114 circular economy definitions which were coded on 17 dimensions. Our findings indicate that the circular economy is most frequently depicted as a combination of reduce, reuse and recycle activities, whereas it is...

    Sustainable homeservices? Toward household services that enhance ecological, social and economic sustainability

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    Minna Halme, Christine Jasch, Michael Scharp

    Source: 

    Helsinki School of Economics, IOW, Institute for Environmental Management and Economics, IZT, Institute for Future Studies and Technology Assessment

    Year: 

    2004

    If the material artefact remains in the ownership of the producer then there is a financial incentive to direct innovatory activities to produce more durable goods and the producer has responsibility for disposal. A smaller stock of products is needed to satisfy demand and if customers use these sequentially intensity of use increases as does the probability of a higher service yield before the product becomes outdated due to outdated technological characteristics, e.g. fashion. *In result orientated services, producers use their competencies to ensure the correct use of material artefacts...

    New Life of the Building Materials- Recycle, Reuse and Recovery

    Type of evidence: 

    Author names: 

    W.Y. Ng, C.K. Chau

    Year: 

    2015

    "Bulk of construction wastes generated through the dismantling process in a building redevelopment project creates many environment problems. Greater efforts are needed to put on the End-Of-Life (EOL) of building materials. Recycling, reusing and recovering of demolished wastes can either help relieve the landfill capacity or ‘regain’ some energy from existing building materials in order to reduce the embodied energy use for in the next new built building. This paper proposes to use ‘energy saving potential’ to quantify the amount of energy at the EOL phase that can be made usable in the...