This program explores the challenges and possibilities for realizing a circular economy by 2050 in the Netherlands. Both current and follow-up steps are identified for this purpose. The following barriers for the transition to a circular economy are mentioned: regulations, the non-internalisation of external effects, the lack of knowledge for technical, social and system innovation, non-circular behaviour of citizens and professionals, adaptation problems in the production chain, consolidated investments and interests, limited influence in the international playing field. The Dutch government chooses five interventions to resolve these barriers:
• Stimulating laws and regulations
• Smart market incentives
• Knowledge and innovation
• International cooperation
Furthermore, they have set the priorities biomass and food, plastics, manufacturing, consumption goods. For each topic it is discussed among others what is already being done and what will be done.