Impact on value chains

Report about integrated scenario interpretation GINFORS / LPJmL results

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Bernd Meyer et al.

Source: 

POLFREE project

Year: 

2015

Meyer et al. examine a combined policy consisting in resource use and CO2 emissions reduction targets using the GINFORS model. Specifically, they analyze different ways of achieving environmental targets, which relate to CO2 emissions, cropland footprint, raw material consumption and water exploitation index. In the first case (“Global cooperation”), the authors assume that all countries in the world share the environmental targets and a global policy mix is adopted, which includes measures to reduce climate impacts and to enhance biotic and abiotic material...

Environmental potential of the collaborative economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, Trinomics, Vito, VVA

Year: 

2018

"Collaborative platforms, such as Airbnb, Blablacar and Peerby, have changed the ways in which goods and services are offered and consumed in the economy. There has been a recent growth in studies analysing the drivers, impacts and scope of the collaborative economy. Some of them point to positive environmental impacts of such platforms. However, none of the studies so far have provided a systematic, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the impacts. This study fills this gap by answering two questions: (1) What is the environmental impact of the collaborative economy today and in the...

Impacts of circular economy policies on the labour market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, ICF, Trinomics

Year: 

2018

"The study looked at trends of circular economy activities across different sectors and quantified these activities as modelling inputs to provide employment changes for different sectors. Furthermore, the analysis provide estimates of the occupational shifts and skills requirements that a shift to a more circular economy could entail. The aim of this report is to develop an understanding of how a transition towards a more circular and resource efficient economy in Europe will affect labour markets across the Member States." (...

Study to monitor the business environment and regulatory environment affecting the collaborative economy in the EU

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs

Year: 

2018

"This study assesses the business environment affecting the collaborative economy across six themes (accommodation, transport, finance, public administration, business support and alignment) in the 28 EU Member States. The study has established indicators to measure the main features affecting the development of the collaborative economy. It has developed a “Collaborative Economy Index” to benchmark the business environment. Based on the Index results, the study puts forward suggestions for the further development of the collaborative economy in the EU. The study concludes that there is no...

Circular Economy Mapping Week

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Circular Economy Club

Year: 

2018

"CEC is thrilled by the participation, knowledge and network built through the Circular Economy Mapping Week held in over 65 cities worldwide during this past week [5th – 11th February 2018]. During this week, CEC Organizers voluntarily set up group sessions to map the circular initiatives in their cities. Workshops took place in 65+ cities, including Bangkok, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Madrid, Montreal, New York, London, São Paulo, Singapore and Taipei.

The CEC Mapping Week had two objectives:

  1. To bring together circular enthusiasts to discuss and learn
  2. ...

Phosphorus Recycling from Manure - A Case Study on the Circular Economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marie-José Smits, Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2018

In this case study paper, phosphorus recycling from manure is discussed, with a special focus on the recycling process developed by the BioEcoSIM consortium. We analysed phosphorus flows globally, at a European level and on a national level, with a focus on the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, as in some other regions in Western Europe, there is excess supply of manure due to intensive livestock production. The oversupply, combined with legislation, generates a negative manure price. This negative manure price creates the business case for BioEcoSIM and other manure processing techniques....

A New Textiles Economy: Redesigning fashion's future

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew Morlet, Rob Opsomer, Dr Sven Herrmann, Laura Balmond, Camille Gillet, Lukas Fuchs

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2017

"Fashion is a vibrant industry that employs hundreds of millions, generates significant revenues, and touches almost everyone, everywhere. Since the 20th century, clothing has increasingly been considered as disposable, and the industry has become highly globalised, with garments often designed in one country, manufactured in another and sold worldwide at an ever-increasing pace. This trend has been further accentuated over the past 15 years by rising demand from a growing middle class across the globe with higher disposable income, and the

...

Green Technology Choices: The Environmental and Resource Implications of Low-Carbon Technologies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

S. Suh, J. Bergesen, T.J. Gibon, E. Hertwich, M. Taptich

Source: 

International Resource Panel

Year: 

2017

"What happens when low-carbon electricity supply technologies are deployed alongside energy efficiency technologies? The International Resource Panel's assessment looks at the impacts and benefits for people and the environment." (http://www.resourcepanel.org/reports/green-technology-choices)

Growth within: A circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ellen MacArthur et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation, the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment (sponsered by Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie)

Year: 

2015

This report seeks to answer five questions:

1. Is Europe’s current resource model effective?
2. Will the technology revolution solve Europe’s resource issues?
3. What would a circular economy in Europe look like?
4. What economic outcomes could a circular model achieve in Europe?
5. If Europe decided to shift towards a circular model, how could policy-makers and business leaders accelerate the transition?

Three of Europe’s most resource-intensive basic needs are discussed; food, mobility and the built environment, all together comprising 60% of...

Delivering the circular economy - a toolkit for policymakers

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew Morlet et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2016

This report wants to provide countries and their policy makers who are interested in a transition to the circular economy with a toolkit. To test this toolkit, a case study was performed for Denmark. It focused on opportunities in several sectors; food and beverage, construction and real estate, machinery, plastic packaging and hospitals. Eight important conclusions were drawn:

• The transition to a circular economy can deliver the expected lasting benefits of a more innovative, resilient and productive economy.
• The circular economy provides many opportunities that are...

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