Product as a service

Product-service systems: a literature review on integrated products and services

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Fernanda Hänsch Beuren, Marcelo Gitirana Gomes Ferreira, Paulo A. Cauchick Miguel

Source: 

Production and System Engineering Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina

Year: 

2013

"Academic and business interests in the product-service system have risen significantly in recent years. The product-service system represents a competitive opportunity for many companies as they seek to reduce consumption by altering how their products are used by providing services. To further establish this field, the objective of this paper is to present a literature review on the product-service system, including 149 papers published from 2006 to 2010. The review discusses specific features of the product-service system as well as the benefits and drawbacks that the literature has...

Institutionalization of sustainable consumption patterns based on shared use

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Oksana Mont

Source: 

The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics at Lund University

Year: 

2004

Mont begins the article by outlining history of consumption, its consequences, and the sociological and anthropological undertones in consumption patterns. She then pivots the conversation to Product Service Sytems, defining it and explaining ist background. In brief, she charactizes PSS well as "the idea that people do not necessarily want a material product, rather utility." Importantly she acknowledges that there is not an inherrent link to environmental sustainability and PSS, stating instances where the producers and services providers are detached can lead to limited improvements of...

Product services for a resource efficient and circular economy--a review

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Arnold Tucker

Source: 

Natherlands Organisation for Applied Sceintific Research TNO; Norwegian University of Science and Technology; Institute of Environemental Sciences, Leiden University

Year: 

2013

"Since the 1990s, Product Service Systems (PSS) have been heralded as one of the most effective instruments for moving society towards a resource-efficient, circular economy and creating a much-needed ‘resource revolution’. This paper reviews the literature on PSS in the last decade and compares the findings with those from an earlier review in this journal in 2006. Close to 300 relevant papers were identified, over 140 of which have been referenced in this review. Research in the field of PSS has become more prolific, with the output of refereed papers quadrupling since 2000, while on...

NOW!

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

NOW!

Source: 

NOW!

Year: 

2017

NOW! Lighting is a lighting as a service provider whose business model relies on energy cost reductions in order to acquire consumer buy in.

The Service Economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

OECD

Source: 

OECD

Year: 

2000

The report outlines the changes of the economies of OECD countries to become more service oriented. Because the article was published in 2000 it lacks the specificity to discuss PaS in depth, but is useful in general discussions of service oriented economies.

Changing consumer behavior through eco-efficient services: an empirical study of car sharing in the Netherlands

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Rens Meijkamp

Source: 

Delft University of Technology, Section for Environmental Product Development

Year: 

1998

This article mainly focuses on car sharing as an example of changing consumer behavior in order to benefit the environment. A discussion of technology and 'eco-efficient services plays a significant role here.

The Transfer and Application of Product System Services: from academia to UK manufacturing firms

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

M.B. Cook; T.A. Bhamra; M. Lemon

Source: 

Cranfield University; Loughborough University

Year: 

2006

The article seeks to define the concept of Product Service Systems (PSS) and then explain its economic, environmental, and other real world impacts. The main purpose of the piece is to explain these concepts through describing the application of the PSS to a real world scenario in the manufacturing sector in the UK

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 3: Accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, McKinsey & Company

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2014

"Towards the Circular Economy vol.3: accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains, finds that over US$1 trillion a year could be generated by 2025 for the global economy and 100,000 new jobs created for the next five years if companies focused on encouraging the build-up of circular supply chains to increase the rate of recycling, reuse, and remanufacture. This would maximize the value of materials when products approach the end of their use." (...

Trends and Research Challenges in Remanufacturing

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mitsutaka Matsumoto, Shanshan Yang, Kristian Martinsen, Yasutaka Kainuma

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Remanufacturing is one of the critical elements moving our economy toward one that is circular. Today, remanufacturing is attracting growing attention worldwide. Meanwhile, despite its potential in terms of its effects on both environment and economy, remanufacturing has not yet been sufficiently exploited. This indicates that there exist both drivers for and barriers to an increase in remanufacturing in economies. Although there are both technological and non-technological requirements for remanufacturing, R&D is unavoidable for its promotion. This article outlines trends, drivers,...

Business Model Innovation in a Circular Economy Reasons for Non-Acceptance of Circular Business Models

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrick Planing

Source: 

Hochschule Pforzheim University

Year: 

2016

"The overall aim of this paper is to develop a new conceptual framework for business model innovation in a circular economy and to explore the reasons for consumer non-adoption of business models in this context." (p. 1)

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