Product as a service

Circular economy: a commentary from the perspectives of the natural and social sciences

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

European Academies Science Advisory Council

Source: 

EASAC

Year: 

2015

This commentary by the EASAC primarily examines the proposed benefits and potential enabling policies of the circular economy. A broad range of sources is used to recognize gaps and inadequacies in proposed benefits and policies in order to foster a substantial discussion among stakeholders as to how to proceed in the transition process. The study also examines barriers and indicators and comments on their nature and efficacy respectively. Furthermore, the commentary provides advice regarding avoidance of barriers and the use of proper indicators.

Sustainable homeservices? Toward household services that enhance ecological, social and economic sustainability

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Minna Halme, Christine Jasch, Michael Scharp

Source: 

Helsinki School of Economics, IOW, Institute for Environmental Management and Economics, IZT, Institute for Future Studies and Technology Assessment

Year: 

2004

If the material artefact remains in the ownership of the producer then there is a financial incentive to direct innovatory activities to produce more durable goods and the producer has responsibility for disposal. A smaller stock of products is needed to satisfy demand and if customers use these sequentially intensity of use increases as does the probability of a higher service yield before the product becomes outdated due to outdated technological characteristics, e.g. fashion. *In result orientated services, producers use their competencies to ensure the correct use of material artefacts...

Waste to Wealth: The Circular Economy Advantage

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jakob Rutqvist, Peter Lacy

Year: 

2015

"Waste to wealth proves that 'green' and 'growth' need not to be binary alternatives. The book examines five new business models that provide circular growth from deploying sustainable resources to the sharing economy before setting out what business leaders need to do to implement the models succesfully." (https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9781137530684)

Energy, environmental and mobility impacts of car-sharing systems. Empirical results from Lisbon, Portugal

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrícia Baptista, Sandra Melo, Catarina Rolim

"The dominance of road transport, both on passenger and freight movements, has reached alarming levels for society due to their negative environmental impacts as well as societal and economic costs. To reverse this trend, many approaches have been applied, but without significant effects on mobility patterns and on the sustainability of the transport system. Fairly promising results have recently been reported in Europe with car-sharing. This research confirms, as hypothesized by prior research, that car sharing contributes to a more efficient and rational mobility (with lower number of...

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