More recycling and use of recycled materials

CIRCULARITY INDICATORS: NON-TECHNICAL CASE STUDIES

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2015

"This document describes illustrative case studies on how the Circularity Indicators developed in the Circularity Indicators Project can be used. Due to the commercial sensitivity of the data it has not been possible to disclose results for actual products. However, the following cases have been developed to give examples of possible uses, and are inspired by actual examples and real world cases of companies adopting circular economy principles." (p. 3)

Waste to Wealth: The Circular Economy Advantage

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jakob Rutqvist, Peter Lacy

Year: 

2015

"Waste to wealth proves that 'green' and 'growth' need not to be binary alternatives. The book examines five new business models that provide circular growth from deploying sustainable resources to the sharing economy before setting out what business leaders need to do to implement the models succesfully." (https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9781137530684)

The Role of Additive Manufacturing in Improving Resource Efficiency and Sustainability

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mélanie Despeisse, Simon Ford

Year: 

2015

"Additive manufacturing is heralded as a revolutionary process technology. While it has yet to cause a dramatic transformation of the manufacturing system, there are early signs of how the characteristics of this novel production process can improve resource efficiency and other sustainability aspects. In this paper, we draw on examples from a wide range of products and industries to understand the role of additive manufacturing in sustainable industrial systems. We identify four main areas in which the adoption of additive manufacturing is leading to improved resource efficiency: (1)...

GRANTA MI:BoM Analyzer

Type of evidence: 

"MI:BoM Analyzer is part of the GRANTA MI materials information management system. It is an easy-to-use web application. It connects to a GRANTA MI database on your corporate Intranet or elsewhere on the cloud, enabling you to access a wealth of material, process, and environmental data. You can then apply that data to your company's products or product designs, and quickly generate information on factors such as product mass, environmental impact, or regulatory and supply risk." (https://www.grantadesign.com/products/mi/bom.htm...

Review of critical material studies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Yanya Jin, Junbeum Kim, Bertrand Guillaume

Year: 

2016

"The cobalt crisis at the end of 20th century and the recent rare earth elements debate in World Trade Organisation (WTO) both showed the importance of certain materials to numerous industries and even to the economy, defence and politics of individual countries. This fact prompted some authorities to launch organisations which focus on these critical materials and conduct studies on them. A good understanding of current or potential future situations of criticality of materials can help stakeholders to make better decisions to mitigate the criticality issues or take measures in advance....

New Life of the Building Materials- Recycle, Reuse and Recovery

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

W.Y. Ng, C.K. Chau

Year: 

2015

"Bulk of construction wastes generated through the dismantling process in a building redevelopment project creates many environment problems. Greater efforts are needed to put on the End-Of-Life (EOL) of building materials. Recycling, reusing and recovering of demolished wastes can either help relieve the landfill capacity or ‘regain’ some energy from existing building materials in order to reduce the embodied energy use for in the next new built building. This paper proposes to use ‘energy saving potential’ to quantify the amount of energy at the EOL phase that can be made usable in the...

Employment and the circular economy job creation through resource efficiency in London

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Peter Mitchell

Year: 

2015

"Several city leagues confirm that London is the best big city to live in, to work in, and to visit – renowned for its culture, diversity, innovation and leading position in sectors such as finance and professional services. But it also has a vibrant green economy, with exceptional skills in renewable energy, carbon finance and sustainable building technologies. Indeed, a 2013 report concluded that London’s Low Carbon Environmental Goods and Services1 sector now contributes over £25.4bn to the economy, with strong growth of over 5% year on year. Three possible plausible futures to 2030 for...

Enabling closed resource loops in electronics: understanding consumer disposal behaviour using insights from diffusion models

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Deepali Sinha Khetriwal, Ivana First

Year: 

2012

"The paper explores consumer disposal behaviour, especially in the context of durable electronic products. The purpose of the research is to understand why, how and when consumers dispose of their durable products. The research aims to provide policy makers, waste managers and product marketers new insights on consumer disposal behaviour that will help improve policy, encourage better resource management and incentivise product designs that maximise environmental and social benefits. We apply knowledge from the extensive literature on diffusion modelling to develop and test our hypothesis...

Achieving carbon emission reduction through industrial & urban symbiosis

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Huijuan Dong, Satoshi Ohnishi, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Yong Geng, Minoru Fujii, Liang Dong

Year: 

2014

"Industry and fossil fuel combustion are the main sources for urban carbon emissions. Most studies focus on energy consumption emission reduction and energy efficiency improvement. Material saving is also important for carbon emission reduction from a lifecycle perspective. IS (Industrial symbiosis) and UrS (urban symbiosis) have been effective since both of them encourage byproduct exchange. However, quantitative carbon emission reduction evaluation on applying them is still lacking. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to fill such a gap through a case study in Kawasaki Eco-town,...

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