More recycling and use of recycled materials

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 2: opportunities for the consumer goods sector

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2013

"The report focuses on fast-moving consumer goods, which currently accounts for about 60 per cent of total consumer spending, 35 per cent of material inputs into the economy, and 75 per cent of municipal waste. Importantly, the consumer goods sector absorbs more than 90 per cent of our agricultural output - possibly our most embattled resource in the future." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/towards-the-circul...)

Resource efficiency in Europe - Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk, Mikkel Stenbæk Hansen, Jens Günther, David McKinnon, Christian Loewe, Fredrik Lingvall, Tamas Kristof Kallay, Jozsef Szlezak, Bettina Bahn-Walkowiak, Marton Herczeg, Dominic Wittmer

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2011

"This report provides an overview of resource efficiency policies and instruments in 31 member and cooperating countries of the EEA’s Eionet network. A detailed survey was conducted during the first half of 2011 to collect, analyse and disseminate information about national experiences in developing and implementing resource efficiency policies, with the goal to facilitate the sharing of experiences and good practice. The report reviews national approaches to resource efficiency and explores similarities and differences in policies, strategies, indicators and targets, policy drivers and...

Resource Efficiency: Potential and Economic Implications

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paul Ekins, Nick Hughes et al.

Source: 

International Resource Panel

Year: 

2017

"This report examines the potential for increasing resource efficiency in industrialized countries, including the G7, emerging economies and developing countries. It focuses on the use of natural resources and the environment, including energy, land, water, raw materials: biotic and abiotic, marine and freshwater, oceanic and terrestrial. The evidence base includes the recent and ongoing work of the International Resource Panel, as well as that of a number of international organizations that have addressed this issue. The report also seeks to identify transboundary effects and discusses...

The Circular Economy and Benefits for Society

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Anders Wijkman, Kristian Skånberg

Source: 

Club of Rome, MAVA Foundation

Year: 

2015

"The main purpose of this report is to broadly explore the potential for a significant increase in resource efficiency and to specifically assess what the main benefits for society would be looking at carbon emissions and employment in particular. We are using the Dutch, Finnish, French, Spanish and Swedish economies as test cases." (p. 5)

Opportunities for a circular economy in the Netherlands

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ton Bastein, Elsbeth Roelofs, Elmer Rietveld, Alwin Hoogendoorn

Source: 

TNO

Year: 

2013

"This report analyses the opportunities and obstacles that will present themselves as the Netherlands moves towards a more circular economy. It proposes a number of actions that can be taken, particularly by the government, to accelerate this process." (https://www.government.nl/documents/reports/2013/10/04/opportunities-for...)

Job Creation in the Circular Economy - Increasing Resource Efficiency in Northern Ireland

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Peter Mitchell, Martin Doherty

Source: 

ReNEW

Year: 

2015

"This report addresses the broader aspects of circular economy employment in Northern Ireland. For circular economy activities such as recycling, re-use, re-manufacturing and bio-refining activities it examines for Northern Ireland: regional and occupation patterns of employment and how these might develop in the future; the potential for creating jobs in areas of higher unemployment; the likely location of occupations with appropriate skills amongst the unemployed and whether a growing circular economy can reverse the trend of declining mid-level occupations." (...

The Job Creation Potential of a Circular Economy for the EU

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

MVO Nederland

Year: 

2016

"This factsheet focuses on the job creation potential of a circular economy for the EU. MVO Nederland is looking for cooperation to get a better insight in the winners - and the losers as well - of a transition to a circular economy so the right policy decisions can be taken to speed up the process to a circular and inclusive economy. We aim to deepen our insights during 2015." (p. 1)

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

Source: 

Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

Year: 

2016

This program explores the challenges and possibilities for realizing a circular economy by 2050 in the Netherlands. Both current and follow-up steps are identified for this purpose. The following barriers for the transition to a circular economy are mentioned: regulations, the non-internalisation of external effects, the lack of knowledge for technical, social and system innovation, non-circular behaviour of citizens and professionals, adaptation problems in the production chain, consolidated investments and interests, limited influence in the international playing field. The Dutch...

Environmental taxation and EU environmental policies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Stefan Speck, Susanna Paleari

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report does three things. It provides an overview of market-based instruments (MBIs) established by EU environmental legislation. Then it explains the established definitions and rationales for the application of environmental taxes and discusses their current design and application in EEA member countries. It concludes with overall findings and some reflections on the potential for long-term tax-shifting programmes in the context of policy targets as well as technlogical innovation and demographic changes." (p. 6)

More from less - material resource efficiency in Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk et al.

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report presents an overview of approaches to material resource efficiency and to circular economy in thirty two European countries. It explores similarities and differences in national policy responses, with respect to policy objectives, priority resources and sectors, driving forces, targets and indicators, and the institutional setup. The report also reviews the EU policy framework for resource efficiency and analyses trends in material use and resource productivity between 2000 and 2014. Finally, it includes a number of considerations for the development of future policies on...

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