More recycling and use of recycled materials

ROMEO

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Robert FRANKE

Source: 

H2020

Year: 

2016

"The ROMEO project tackles process intensification for catalytic-driven and eco-friendly reaction systems. ROMEO stands for "Reactor Optimisation by Membrane Enhanced Operation". It is a Research and Innovation project and has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. ROMEO focuses on a new reactor concept to drasti-cally reduce energy consumption. It will lead to the manufacturing of bulk chemicals at consider-ably lower operational and investment costs. The aim of ROMEO is to reduce energy consump-tion by up to 80% and emissions by up to...

MefCO2

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ángel Sánchez Díaz, Rocío Pacios Blein

Source: 

Spire2030

Year: 

2014

"Methanol represents one of the most common and widespread platform chemicals and precursors for further synthesis, and is traditionally produced from synthesis gas, obtained by the reforming of natural gas. This methanol synthesis process operates in a stable, high-throughput manner and demands low carbon dioxide/carbon monoxide ratios in feed. The current project is to encompass flexible (in operation and feed) methanol synthesis with high carbon dioxide concentration-streams as an input, the latter originating from thermal power stations using fossil fuels. The technology is also...

Demonstration and Deployment Strategy Workshop: Summary

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Energetics Incorporated

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2014

"This report is based on the proceedings of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) Demonstration and Deployment (D&D) Strategy Workshop, held on March 12–13, 2014, at Argonne National Laboratory. The workshop gathered stakeholders from industry, academia, national laboratories, and government to discuss the issues and potential for demonstration and deployment activities to pave the way for large-scale production of cost-competitive, renewable fuels from biomass resources. The ideas provided here represent a snapshot of the perspectives and ideas generated...

2015 Bioenergy Market Report

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ethan Warner, Kristi Moriarty, John Lewis, Anelia Milbrandt, Amy Schwab

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2017

"This report provides a status of the markets and technology development involved in growing a domestic bioenergy economy. It compiles and integrates information to provide a snapshot of the current state and historical trends influencing the development of bioenergy markets. This information is intended for policy-makers as well as technology developers and investors tracking bioenergy developments. It also highlights some of the key energy and regulatory drivers of bioenergy markets. This report is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO...

Biofuels and Bioproducts from Wet and Gaseous Waste Streams: Challenges and Opportunities

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2017

"This report draws together activities related to wet and gaseous waste feedstocks into a single document. It enables an amplified focus on feedstocks in the relevant technology and potential markets category. Also, this report helps to inform and support ongoing wet and gaseous resource recovery activities in the Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) and in the broader federal space. Historically, the office has identified wet and gaseous waste feedstocks as potentially advantageous, but has not pursued them with a sustained focus. This document seeks to position these waste streams...

The Litte Book of Biofuels

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

BirdLife International, European Environmental Bureau (EEB), Transport & Environment (T&E)

Year: 

2014

"With the launch of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) in 2009, Europe’s demand for biofuels has skyrocketed. To meet this new demand, the global production of biofuels has also increased significantly. In fact, did you know that every car in Europe uses a blend of biofuels? That’s how common this product has become. Biofuels use vegetable oils, cereals, sugars and waste fats – mainly extracted from rapeseed, soy, palm trees, corn and wheat – to create energy. Because biofuels are derived from plant products, any increase or decrease in their use has a direct impact on agriculture...

Study on modelling of the economic and environmental impacts of raw material consumption

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Bio Intelligence Sevices

Year: 

2014

"This report provides a quantative analysis of different resource productivity (RP) targets for the EU. Resource productivity in this study is defined as GDP per unit of raw material consumption (RMC), instead of the usual GDP per unit of domestic material consumption (DMC). The RMC-based indicator adjusts the weight of materials recorded at border crossings so that they are counted as if they were produced domestically." (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/resource_efficiency/pdf/RMC.pdf)

Priorities for critical materials for a circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

EASAC

Year: 

2016

"This report reviews briefly the historical criteria for critical raw materials currently under review by the Commission and the Joint Research Centre (JRC), and notes that many critical materials still have very low recycling rates which increases the demand for virgin materials and therefore reduces lifetime of supply. EASAC is in broad agreement with the criteria that the Commission proposes to apply in selecting critical materials for the new list in 2017 but notes that environmental impacts of extraction of raw materials are substantial and should be considered in the criticality...

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 1: an economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2012

"Using product case studies and economic-wide analysis, this report details the potential for significant benefits across the EU. It argues that a subset of the EU manufacturing sector could realise net materials cost savings worth up to $ 630 billion p.a. towards 2025 - stimulating economic activity in areas of product development, remanufacturing and refurbishment." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/...

Opportunities to tackle Britain's labour market challenges through growth in the circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Julian Morgan, Peter Mitchell

Source: 

WRAP, Green Alliance

Year: 

2015

"Britain faces huge economic challenges in its use of labour and scarce natural resources. Although unemployment is now falling, the risk of being out of work is higher in some regions and for some types of occupations. While Britain has significantly increased its resource efficiency in recent years, supply risks in an increasingly competitive global economy mean that we need to get better at using natural resources. The analysis in this study shows that these challenges are linked, as improving our resource efficiency can make a valuable contribution to improving Britain’s labour market...

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