More recycling and use of recycled materials

Philips provides Light as a Service to Schiphol Airport

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Philips Electronics

Source: 

Philips Electronics

Year: 

2015

A press release by Philips announcing a partnership with Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam to provide light as a service. The release claims that the fixtures now being used are more sustainable and energy efficient. The statement explicitly states the partnership as a step towards a more circular economy

Conceptualizing the circular economy: An analysis of 114 definitions

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Julian Kirchherr, Denise Reike, Marko Hekkert

Source: 

Utrecht University

Year: 

2017

"The circular economy concept has gained momentum both among scholars and practitioners. However, critics claim that it means many different things to different people. This paper provides further evidence for these critics. The aim of this paper is to create transparency regarding the current understandings of the circular economy concept. For this purpose, we have gathered 114 circular economy definitions which were coded on 17 dimensions. Our findings indicate that the circular economy is most frequently depicted as a combination of reduce, reuse and recycle activities, whereas it is...

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 3: Accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, McKinsey & Company

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2014

"Towards the Circular Economy vol.3: accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains, finds that over US$1 trillion a year could be generated by 2025 for the global economy and 100,000 new jobs created for the next five years if companies focused on encouraging the build-up of circular supply chains to increase the rate of recycling, reuse, and remanufacture. This would maximize the value of materials when products approach the end of their use." (...

The New Plastics Economy: Rethinking the future of plastics

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, McKinsey & Company

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"The New Plastics Economy: Rethinking the future of plastics provides, for the first time, a vision of a global economy in which plastics never become waste, and outlines concrete steps towards achieving the systematic shift needed." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/the-new-plastics-e...)

Intelligent Assets: Unlocking the circular economy potential

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2016

"This report illustrates opportunities for innovation and creativity across a spectrum of
industries and sectors: it looks at how we manufacture and use electronics and advanced
equipment, how we create our energy infrastructure, how we build and transform our
buildings, and how we produce food. It assesses how smart cities might evolve to become
a focal point for the transitions to follow. There are profit opportunities for companies to
play for but perhaps more importantly, there’s an opportunity for society to redefine its
relationship with resources...

The econonomics of tire remanufacturing

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Geraldo Ferrer

Source: 

Year: 

1996

"The world market for tires is described to identify the current material flow from raw materials to tires and the used tire disposal problem. Then, I describe the value-adding operations in the tire production process and in the tire retreading process. Once retreading is identified as the only recovery alternative that maximizes tire utilization, I explain why heat generation is the only recovery alternative, when retreading is not technically feasible. The economic values of heat generation in electric plants and in cement kilns are discussed. The paper culminates with the case of...

Crossing the threshold: municipal waste policy and household waste generation

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Harriet Bulkeley, Nicky Gregson

Source: 

Year: 

2009

"This paper connects research on home-based consumption with research on waste policy and governance. We argue that, in order to meet the enhanced goals of waste reduction specified in Waste Strategy for England 2007, UK municipal waste policy needs a far closer engagement with the household, the primary unit of consumption. Opening-up the ‘black box’ of the household, we show why the potential for achieving enhanced rates of materials diversion through recycling is limited in certain neighbourhoods. We demonstrate the potential for furthering waste reduction through the intensification of...

Some pervasive challenges to sustainability by design of electronic products - a conceptual discussion

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Rafael Laurenti, Rajib Sinha, Jagdeep Singh, Björn Frostell

Source: 

Year: 

2015

"Sustainability should encompass responsibility for unintended environmental consequences of modern developments. This study examined some pervasive challenges to sustainability by design of electronic products, namely: (i) product and consumption redundancies; (i) embodied environmental and social impacts occurring distant in time and space from the point of consumption; and (iii) production and consumption dynamics. This analysis identified essential developments in certain areas that can assist design practice in preventing unintended environmental consequences. These were: (1)...

How effective are current household recycling policies? Results from a national survey of U.S. households

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jean-Daniel M. Saphores, Hillary Nixon

Source: 

Year: 

2014

"This paper analyzes a unique dataset collected during a 2006 national survey of U.S. households to explore the effectiveness of common household recycling policies for metals, glass, and plastics: curbside recycling, drop-off recycling, deposit–refund systems (bottle bills), and marginal pricing for household waste. After estimating either generalized ordered logit or multinomial logit models, we find that the most important determinants of household recycling are people's attitudes toward recycling. Our results also suggest that omitting internal variables (perceived recycling obstacles...

Limitations of the waste hierarchy for achieving absolute reductions in material throughput

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

S. Van Ewijk, J.A. Stegemann

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Dematerialization can serve as a measurable and straightforward strategy for sustainability and requires changes in management of material inputs and waste outputs of the economy. Currently, waste management is strongly inspired by the waste hierarchy, an influential philosophy in waste and resource management that prioritizes practices ranging from waste prevention to landfill. Despite the inclusion and prioritization of prevention in the hierarchy, the positive contribution of the application of the waste hierarchy to dematerializing the economy is not inevitable, nor has it been...

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