More recycling and use of recycled materials

Bioenergy: how much can we expect for 2050?

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Helmut Haberl, Karl-Heinz Erb, Fridolin Krausmann, Steve Running, Timothy D Searchinger and W Kolby Smith

Source: 

ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS

Year: 

2013

"Estimates of global primary bioenergy potentials in the literature span almost three orders of magnitude. We narrow that range by discussing biophysical constraints on bioenergy potentials resulting from plant growth (NPP) and its current human use. In the last 30 years, terrestrial NPP was almost constant near 54 PgC yr−1, despite massive efforts to increase yields in agriculture and forestry. The global human appropriation of terrestrial plant production has doubled in the last century. We estimate the maximum physical potential of the world's total land area outside croplands,...

Urban biowaste, a sustainable source of bioenergy?

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mariel Vilella

Source: 

Zero Waste Europe

Year: 

2016

"Although most bioenergy is produced by burning agricultural and forestry biomass, it is also generated by burning the organic parts of municipal solid waste, biowaste or urban biomass. This includes food waste from restaurants, households, farmers markets, gardens, textiles, clothing, paper and other materials of organic origin. But have you ever tried to fuel a bonfire with a salad? Probably not, so this may not be the most efficient use of urban biowaste." (https://www.zerowasteeurope.eu/...

The effect of bioenergy expansion: Food, energy, and environment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

J. Popp, Z.Lakner, M.Harangi-Rákos, M.Fári

Source: 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 

2014

"The increasing prices and environmental impacts of fossil fuels have made the production of biofuels to reach unprecedented volumes over the last 15 years. Given the increasing land requirement for biofuel production, the assessment of the impacts that extensive biofuel production may cause to food supply and to the environment has considerable importance. Agriculture faces some major inter-connected challenges in delivering food security at a time of increasing pressures from population growth, changing consumption patterns and dietary preferences, and post-harvest losses. At the same...

Cascading use of biomass: opportunities and obstacles in EU policies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Sini Eräjää

Source: 

BirdLife and European Environmental Bureau

Year: 

2015

BirdLife Europe has been intensively working to highlight the environmental risks of using crops grown on agricultural land for fuel instead of food, resulting in significant emissions from indirect land use change (ILUC). This work resulted in the EU to limit the use of food based biofuels in the transport sector.  

Integration of Advanced Biofuels in the Circular Economy: Identifying major innovation options

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

René van Ree

Source: 

IEA Bioenergy

Year: 

2016

Discusses ideal bioeconomy using biofuel and bioenergy, with an analysis of fuel projects, commercial status of various biofuel technologies, cascading use of biomass, and market values of different products

Risks and Opportunities in the Global Phosphate Rock Market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marjolein de Ridder, Sijbren de Jong, Joshua Polchar, Stephanie Lingemann

Source: 

HCSS

Year: 

2012

"The report aims primarily to raise awareness within Europe that the EU is almost entirely dependent on imported phosphate rock from the rest of the world and consequently vulnerable to disruptions in the supply of this important commodity. This means that the European food security and agricultural sector are at risk. The report formulates several perspectives for action on how the EU could deal with developments on the phosphate rock market and reduce its vulnerability to potential shocks." (p. 18)

Phosphorus recovery and recycling from waste: An appraisal based on a French case study

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Kalimuthu Senthilkumar, Alain Mollier, Magalie Delmas, Sylvain Pellerin,Thomas Nesme

Source: 

Year: 

2014

"Phosphate rocks, used for phosphorus (P) fertilizer production, are a non-renewable resource at the human time scale. Their depletion at the global scale may threaten global food and feed security. To prevent this depletion, improved P resource recycling from food chain waste to agricultural soils and to the food and feed industry is often presented as a serious option. However, waste streams are often complex and their recycling efficiency is poorly characterized. The aim of this paper is to estimate the P recovery and recycling potential from waste, considering France as a case study....

Role, impacts and services provided by European livestock production

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Livestock production is a sector of major economic importance that defines many European rural areas. It has become the focus of controversy over the past decade or more, particularly with regard to the environmental impacts it causes. It this context, it seemed useful to support this debate with a critical review of the state of scientific knowledge on the role, impacts, and services - environmental, economic, and social - associated with the European livestock production. Accordingly, the French ministries responsible for Agriculture and the Environment, in cooperation with the French...

Phosphorus flows and balances of the European Union Member States

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

K.C. van Dijk et al.

Source: 

Year: 

2016

"Global society faces serious "phosphorus challenges" given the scarcity, essentiality, unequal global distribution and, at the same time, regional excess of phosphorus (P). Phosphorus flow studies can be used to analyze these challenges, providing insight into how society (re)uses and loses phosphorus, identifying potential solutions. Phosphorus flows were analyzed in detail for EU-27 and its Member States. To quantify food system and non-food flows, country specific data and historical context were considered. The sectors covered were crop production (CP), animal production (AP), food...

Stewardship to tackle global phosphorus inefficiency: The case of Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paul J.A. Withers et al.

Source: 

Year: 

2015

"The inefficient use of phosphorus (P) in the food chain is a threat to the global aquatic environment and the health and well-being of citizens, and it is depleting an essential finite natural resource critical for future food security and ecosystem function. We outline a strategic framework of 5R stewardship (Re-align P inputs, Reduce P losses, Recycle P in bioresources, Recover P in wastes, and Redefine P in food systems) to help identify and deliver a range of integrated, cost-effective, and feasible technological innovations to improve P use efficiency in society and reduce Europe’s...

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