More recycling and use of recycled materials

Achieving 'Growth Within'

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jocelyn Blériot et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation, SYSTEMIQ

Year: 

2017

"An additional €320 billion of circular economy investment opportunities is available to investors in the European Union (EU) until 2025 that can be unlocked through modest action by policy makers or industry. This investment would put the EU on the path to seize the economic, societal, and environmental benefits of the transition to a circular economy and mitigate the mounting risks that reside in conventional industrial assets in an era of rapid change." (p. 10)

Synopsis

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bio-products

Year: 

2014

"The National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts (NAABB), an algal biofuels research consortium, was formed to specifically address the objectives set forth by the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (DOE-EERE), Office of Biomass Programs (now called the Bioenergy Technologies Office, BETO), under the funding opportunity announcement DE-FOA-0000123, “Development of Algal/Advanced Biofuels Consortia”. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 provided the funds for this effort. In this announcement DOE sought consortia that would “...

A review on circular economy: the expected transition to a balanced interplay of environmental and economic systems

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrizia Ghisellini, Catia Cialani, Sergio Ulgiati

Source: 

University of Bologna, Dalarna University, Parthenope Universtiy of Naples, Beijing Normal Unversity

Year: 

2016

"This study provides an extensive review of the literature of last two decades, with the purpose of grasping the main CE features and perspectives: origins, basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, modelling and implementation of CE at the different levels (micro, meso and macro) worldwide." (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652615012287)

Regulatory barriers for the Circular Economy: Lessons from ten case studies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Joost van Barneveld et al.

Source: 

Technopolis Group, Fraunhofer ISI, thinkstep, Wuppertal Institute

Year: 

2016

This report takes a look at several circular economy practices and identifies regulatory barriers that obstruct their full potential. Subsequently, recommendations are provided on how to overcome these barriers.

Advancing Resource Efficiency in Europe: Indicators and waste policy scenarios to deliver a resource efficient and sustainable Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Dr. Jane Beasley, Ray Georgeson

Source: 

European Environmental Bureau

Year: 

2014

The EEB’s report utilized a baseline scenario created by projections related to existing waste policy. They expanded upon this baseline by proposing policy adjustments in the form of new formulations and altered target setting, which they conclude could result in substantial positive environmental, social, and economic impacts. The report also emphasizes a strong belief in the success of in-creased regulatory policy moving forward.

The Circular Dairy Economy: Exploring the case for a farmer led, 'net positive' circular dairy sector

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Circle Economy, FrieslandCampina

Source: 

Circle Economy

Year: 

2016

The report focuses is on a proposed move toward circularity in the dairy industry. Recognizing the strong possibility that growth due to increased demand for dairy products will be seen in the future, the report advocates that the dairy industry transition to a more circular economic model not only to reduce the industries ecological footprint but also to ensure that producers maintain their “their license to operate. Furthermore, the report examines three possible circular transition pathways and analyzes their proposed benefits, policy implementation possibilities, and potential barriers...

Resource-efficient green economy and EU policies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Roberto Zoboli, Susanna Paleari, Giovanni Marin, Massimiliano Mazzanti, Francesco Nicolli, Anna Montini, Valeria Miceli, Stefan Speck

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2014

This report wants to contribute to a better understanding of the green economy and all the major forces and policies involved. It predominantly focuses on improving resource efficiency from a macro-economic perspective, for which eco-innovation is a primary enabling factor. However, the spread of technologies derived from eco-innovation often is obstructed by several barriers, such as finance, knowledge, costs, markets etc. Fiscal reforms, like environmental taxes and emission trading schemes are also crucial major enabling factors, but to what extent depends on their design (rebound...

Biodiesel produced by waste cooking oil: Review of recycling modes in China, the US and Japan

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Huiming Zhang, U.AytunOzturk, QunweiWang, Zengyao Zhao

Source: 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 

2014

"Waste cooking oil to biodiesel conversion efficiency depends on the recycling mode that is being practiced. The recycling modes in China, the US and Japan can be placed in two categories: third party take-back (TPT) and the biodiesel enterprise take-back (BET). We review the operation mechanisms of theses modes, their advantages and disadvantages in three countries and compare them using recycling costs and profits of biodiesel enterprises, subsidies for manufacturers, recycling rates, degree of administrative control, technical support and incentive mechanisms provided for the...

Waste-to-Energy Workshop Summary

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Energetics Incorporated

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2015

"This report is based on the proceedings of the Waste-to-Energy (WTE) Workshop held by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) on November 5, 2014, in Arlington, VA. The workshop gathered stakeholders from industry, academia, national laboratories, and government to discuss the issues and potential for research, development, and demonstration activities to pave the way for large-scale production of cost-competitive, renewable fuels from wet waste biomass resources. The ideas provided here represent a snapshot of the perspectives and ideas generated by the...

Biofuels in the long-run global energy supply mix for transportation

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Govinda R. Timilsina

Source: 

Philosophical Transaction od the Royal Society A

Year: 

2014

"Various policy instruments along with increasing oil prices have contributed to a sixfold increase in global biofuels production over the last decade (2000–2010). This rapid growth has proved controversial, however, and has raised concerns over potential conflicts with global food security and climate change mitigation. To address these concerns, policy support is now focused on advanced or second-generation biofuels instead of crop-based first-generation biofuels. This policy shift, together with the global financial crisis, has slowed the growth of biofuels production, which has...

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