Efficient use of resources

CAPRI

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

LIAISE

"CAPRI is a global agriculture sector model developed to assist in assessing the effect of CAP instruments on production, income, markets, trade and the environment at EU or member state levels as well as sub-national level."

Review of critical material studies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Yanya Jin, Junbeum Kim, Bertrand Guillaume

Year: 

2016

"The cobalt crisis at the end of 20th century and the recent rare earth elements debate in World Trade Organisation (WTO) both showed the importance of certain materials to numerous industries and even to the economy, defence and politics of individual countries. This fact prompted some authorities to launch organisations which focus on these critical materials and conduct studies on them. A good understanding of current or potential future situations of criticality of materials can help stakeholders to make better decisions to mitigate the criticality issues or take measures in advance....

New Life of the Building Materials- Recycle, Reuse and Recovery

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

W.Y. Ng, C.K. Chau

Year: 

2015

"Bulk of construction wastes generated through the dismantling process in a building redevelopment project creates many environment problems. Greater efforts are needed to put on the End-Of-Life (EOL) of building materials. Recycling, reusing and recovering of demolished wastes can either help relieve the landfill capacity or ‘regain’ some energy from existing building materials in order to reduce the embodied energy use for in the next new built building. This paper proposes to use ‘energy saving potential’ to quantify the amount of energy at the EOL phase that can be made usable in the...

Energy, environmental and mobility impacts of car-sharing systems. Empirical results from Lisbon, Portugal

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrícia Baptista, Sandra Melo, Catarina Rolim

"The dominance of road transport, both on passenger and freight movements, has reached alarming levels for society due to their negative environmental impacts as well as societal and economic costs. To reverse this trend, many approaches have been applied, but without significant effects on mobility patterns and on the sustainability of the transport system. Fairly promising results have recently been reported in Europe with car-sharing. This research confirms, as hypothesized by prior research, that car sharing contributes to a more efficient and rational mobility (with lower number of...

Enabling closed resource loops in electronics: understanding consumer disposal behaviour using insights from diffusion models

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Deepali Sinha Khetriwal, Ivana First

Year: 

2012

"The paper explores consumer disposal behaviour, especially in the context of durable electronic products. The purpose of the research is to understand why, how and when consumers dispose of their durable products. The research aims to provide policy makers, waste managers and product marketers new insights on consumer disposal behaviour that will help improve policy, encourage better resource management and incentivise product designs that maximise environmental and social benefits. We apply knowledge from the extensive literature on diffusion modelling to develop and test our hypothesis...

Achieving carbon emission reduction through industrial & urban symbiosis

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Huijuan Dong, Satoshi Ohnishi, Tsuyoshi Fujita, Yong Geng, Minoru Fujii, Liang Dong

Year: 

2014

"Industry and fossil fuel combustion are the main sources for urban carbon emissions. Most studies focus on energy consumption emission reduction and energy efficiency improvement. Material saving is also important for carbon emission reduction from a lifecycle perspective. IS (Industrial symbiosis) and UrS (urban symbiosis) have been effective since both of them encourage byproduct exchange. However, quantitative carbon emission reduction evaluation on applying them is still lacking. Consequently, the purpose of this paper is to fill such a gap through a case study in Kawasaki Eco-town,...

The opportunities to business of improving resource efficiency

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Bio Intelligence Service, AMEC

Year: 

2013

"This study forms part of the Commission's on-going analysis of the opportunities to be gained from improving resource efficiency and how best to help business realise the potential economic, as well as environmental and social benefit." (Executive Summary)

Energy and emissions saving potential of additive manufacturing: the case of lightweight aircraft components

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Runze Huang, Matthew Riddle, Diane Graziano, Joshua Warren, Sujit Das, Sachin Nimbalkar, Joe Cresko, Eric Masanet

Year: 

2016

"Additive manufacturing (AM) holds great potential for improving materials efficiency, reducing life-cycle impacts, and enabling greater engineering functionality compared to conventional manufacturing (CM), and AM has been increasingly adopted by aircraft component manufacturers for lightweight, cost-effective designs. This study estimates the net changes in life-cycle primary energy and greenhouse gas emissions associated with AM technologies for lightweight metallic aircraft components through the year 2050, to shed light on the environmental benefits of a shift from CM to AM processes...

Designing an environmentally conscious tire closed-loop supply chain network with multiple recovery options using interactive fuzzy goal programming

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Kemal Subulan, A. Serdar Tasan, Adil Baykasoglu

Year: 

2015

"Significant environmental problems have been caused by the growth in the volume of used tires each year. In addition, remanufacturing and recycling options related to the end of life for tires are crucial issues at present because of difficulties related to the degradation of these scrap tires in the environment and the economic benefits of material and energy recovery. Thus, effective collection, storage, recycling, and appropriate disposal methods are required for used tires without damaging the environment by designing an efficient closed-loop supply chain network. Based on this...

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