Efficient use of resources

The history and current applications of the circular economy concept

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

K. Winans, A. Kendall, H. Deng

Source: 

University of California

Year: 

2017

"The challenges of balancing industrial development, environmental and human health, and economic growth in China and elsewhere in the world are drivers for recent resource use and low-carbon development strategies that include the application of the circular economy (CE) concept. A central theme of the CE concept is the valuation of materials within a closed-looped system with the aim to allow for natural resource use while reducing pollution or avoiding resource constraints and sustaining economic growth. The objectives of this study are (1) to review the history of the CE concept to...

Sustainable homeservices? Toward household services that enhance ecological, social and economic sustainability

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Minna Halme, Christine Jasch, Michael Scharp

Source: 

Helsinki School of Economics, IOW, Institute for Environmental Management and Economics, IZT, Institute for Future Studies and Technology Assessment

Year: 

2004

If the material artefact remains in the ownership of the producer then there is a financial incentive to direct innovatory activities to produce more durable goods and the producer has responsibility for disposal. A smaller stock of products is needed to satisfy demand and if customers use these sequentially intensity of use increases as does the probability of a higher service yield before the product becomes outdated due to outdated technological characteristics, e.g. fashion. *In result orientated services, producers use their competencies to ensure the correct use of material artefacts...

Design for change and circularity - accommodating circular material & product flows in construction

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

R.J. Geldermans

Year: 

2016

"Circular building concepts, as proposed within e.g. Circular Economy and Cradle-to-Cradle frameworks, imply radical changes for the construction sector. Cradle-to-Cradle® in particular has put forward the idea of buildings as material banks, radically altering the way material flows need to be managed. The notion of material banks (temporary storage of materials that comprise the building assemblies) sheds new light on the value of building materials and products, and how to maintain and restore this. The basics are straightforward: high quality, pure material use and anticipated material...

Earnings, jobs and innovation: the role of recycling in a green economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Anders Bjørn, Christian Fischer, Sabine Haselsteiner, Jan Kosmol, Christian Löwe, Naoko Tojo, Özgür Saki

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2011

"This short report explains the role of recycling in the green economy and examines the evidence of its contribution in Europe, focusing primarily on the economic benefits that recycling offers." (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/earnings-jobs-and-innovation-the)

Waste to Wealth: The Circular Economy Advantage

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jakob Rutqvist, Peter Lacy

Year: 

2015

"Waste to wealth proves that 'green' and 'growth' need not to be binary alternatives. The book examines five new business models that provide circular growth from deploying sustainable resources to the sharing economy before setting out what business leaders need to do to implement the models succesfully." (https://www.palgrave.com/us/book/9781137530684)

The Role of Additive Manufacturing in Improving Resource Efficiency and Sustainability

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mélanie Despeisse, Simon Ford

Year: 

2015

"Additive manufacturing is heralded as a revolutionary process technology. While it has yet to cause a dramatic transformation of the manufacturing system, there are early signs of how the characteristics of this novel production process can improve resource efficiency and other sustainability aspects. In this paper, we draw on examples from a wide range of products and industries to understand the role of additive manufacturing in sustainable industrial systems. We identify four main areas in which the adoption of additive manufacturing is leading to improved resource efficiency: (1)...

GRANTA MI:BoM Analyzer

Type of evidence: 

"MI:BoM Analyzer is part of the GRANTA MI materials information management system. It is an easy-to-use web application. It connects to a GRANTA MI database on your corporate Intranet or elsewhere on the cloud, enabling you to access a wealth of material, process, and environmental data. You can then apply that data to your company's products or product designs, and quickly generate information on factors such as product mass, environmental impact, or regulatory and supply risk." (https://www.grantadesign.com/products/mi/bom.htm...

REAP

Type of evidence: 

"REAP provides scenario and modelling and policy assessment on the issue of Sustainable Consumption and Production. Designed by the Stockholm Environment Institute and Centre for Urban and Regional Ecology, REAP uses some of the most sophisticated modelling approaches to understand the material flows, carbon dioxide emissions, greenhouse gas emissions and Ecological Footprint of the UK, regions and local authorities."

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