Efficient use of resources

Opportunities for a circular economy in the Netherlands

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ton Bastein, Elsbeth Roelofs, Elmer Rietveld, Alwin Hoogendoorn

Source: 

TNO

Year: 

2013

"This report analyses the opportunities and obstacles that will present themselves as the Netherlands moves towards a more circular economy. It proposes a number of actions that can be taken, particularly by the government, to accelerate this process." (https://www.government.nl/documents/reports/2013/10/04/opportunities-for...)

The Job Creation Potential of a Circular Economy for the EU

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

MVO Nederland

Year: 

2016

"This factsheet focuses on the job creation potential of a circular economy for the EU. MVO Nederland is looking for cooperation to get a better insight in the winners - and the losers as well - of a transition to a circular economy so the right policy decisions can be taken to speed up the process to a circular and inclusive economy. We aim to deepen our insights during 2015." (p. 1)

A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

Source: 

Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment

Year: 

2016

This program explores the challenges and possibilities for realizing a circular economy by 2050 in the Netherlands. Both current and follow-up steps are identified for this purpose. The following barriers for the transition to a circular economy are mentioned: regulations, the non-internalisation of external effects, the lack of knowledge for technical, social and system innovation, non-circular behaviour of citizens and professionals, adaptation problems in the production chain, consolidated investments and interests, limited influence in the international playing field. The Dutch...

Environmental taxation and EU environmental policies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Stefan Speck, Susanna Paleari

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report does three things. It provides an overview of market-based instruments (MBIs) established by EU environmental legislation. Then it explains the established definitions and rationales for the application of environmental taxes and discusses their current design and application in EEA member countries. It concludes with overall findings and some reflections on the potential for long-term tax-shifting programmes in the context of policy targets as well as technlogical innovation and demographic changes." (p. 6)

More from less - material resource efficiency in Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk et al.

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2016

"This report presents an overview of approaches to material resource efficiency and to circular economy in thirty two European countries. It explores similarities and differences in national policy responses, with respect to policy objectives, priority resources and sectors, driving forces, targets and indicators, and the institutional setup. The report also reviews the EU policy framework for resource efficiency and analyses trends in material use and resource productivity between 2000 and 2014. Finally, it includes a number of considerations for the development of future policies on...

Sustainable alternatives for land-based biofuels in the European Union: Assessment of options and development of a policy strategy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Bettina Kampman, Anouk van Grinsven, Harry Croezen

Source: 

CE Delft

Year: 

2012

Discusses sustainable biofuels, alternatives to land-based biofuels, how to meet the RED and FQD targets sustainability, and developing scenarios for 202 with respect to the EU.

Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

European Commission

Year: 

2011

Construction accounts for 50% of all extracted material use in the EU. The European Commission calls for a further strengthening of resource efficiency in buildings and construction by considering the lifetime costs of a building rather than just the initial costs and also better infrastructure planning. They have set the 2020 milestone to have the majority of rennovation and constuction standards to be of high efficiency standards.

The Circular Economy: A review of definitions, processes and impacts

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Vasileios Rizos, Katja Tuokko, Arno Behrens

Source: 

CEPS

Year: 

2017

Transforming the linear economy, which has remained the dominant model since the onset of the Industrial Revolution, into a circular one is by no means an easy task. Such a radical change entails a major transformation of our current production and consumption patterns, which in turn will have a significant impact on the economy, the environment and society. Understanding these impacts is crucial for researchers as well as for policy-makers engaged in designing future policies in the field. This requires developing an in-depth knowledge of the concept of the circular economy, its processes...

The New Plastics Economy: Catalysing action

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2017

"Launched at the World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting in Davos in January 2017, this new research presents three strategies to increase reuse and recycling of plastic packaging to 70%, from today's recycling rate of just 14%. The report provides a clear action plan, endorsed by over 40 industry leaders, for the global plastics industry to design better packaging, increase recycling rates, and introduce new models for making better use of packaging." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation....

Circular economy: a commentary from the perspectives of the natural and social sciences

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

European Academies Science Advisory Council

Source: 

EASAC

Year: 

2015

This commentary by the EASAC primarily examines the proposed benefits and potential enabling policies of the circular economy. A broad range of sources is used to recognize gaps and inadequacies in proposed benefits and policies in order to foster a substantial discussion among stakeholders as to how to proceed in the transition process. The study also examines barriers and indicators and comments on their nature and efficacy respectively. Furthermore, the commentary provides advice regarding avoidance of barriers and the use of proper indicators.

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