Biodiversity

Report about integrated scenario interpretation EXIOMOD / LPJmL results

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jinxue Hu et al.

Source: 

POLFREE project

Year: 

2015

The work by Hu et al. (2015) was conducted within the same project as modelling by Meyer et al. (2015) and it examines the same set of scenarios. However, there are some major differences between the two exercises, including modelling principles, policy implementation and reference scenarios, which results in discrepancies in results. The GDP trajectory until 2050 estimated by Hu et al. (2015) is almost the same in the baseline as well as in the “Global cooperation” and “EU goes ahead” cases. Implementation of policies under both scenarios, however, appears to yield optimistic results in...

Circular economy and health: opportunities and risks

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Alistair Hunt et al.

Source: 

WHO

Year: 

2018

"The extensive use of natural resources threatens to exceed the carrying capacity of the Earth. The concept of a circular economy offers an avenue to sustainable growth, good health and decent jobs, while saving the environment and its natural resources. Further, the change from a linear economy (take, make, dispose) to a circular economy (renew, remake, share) is expected to support significantly the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 12 on responsible consumption and production. So far, however, the coverage of the health implications of a transition...

The circular economy and the bioeconomy - Partners in sustainability

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Mieke De Schoenmakere et al.

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2018

"This is the third in a series of reports on the circular economy in support of the framing, implementation and evaluation of European circular economy policy from an environmental perspective. The two previous reports applied a systemic approach to framing a circular economy and to the products within it. This report on the bioeconomy addresses circularity aspects of bio-based products and the sustainable use of renewable natural resources." (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/circular-economy-and-...

Environmental potential of the collaborative economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, Trinomics, Vito, VVA

Year: 

2018

"Collaborative platforms, such as Airbnb, Blablacar and Peerby, have changed the ways in which goods and services are offered and consumed in the economy. There has been a recent growth in studies analysing the drivers, impacts and scope of the collaborative economy. Some of them point to positive environmental impacts of such platforms. However, none of the studies so far have provided a systematic, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the impacts. This study fills this gap by answering two questions: (1) What is the environmental impact of the collaborative economy today and in the...

Impacts of circular economy policies on the labour market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, ICF, Trinomics

Year: 

2018

"The study looked at trends of circular economy activities across different sectors and quantified these activities as modelling inputs to provide employment changes for different sectors. Furthermore, the analysis provide estimates of the occupational shifts and skills requirements that a shift to a more circular economy could entail. The aim of this report is to develop an understanding of how a transition towards a more circular and resource efficient economy in Europe will affect labour markets across the Member States." (...

Leading the transition - Action plan for circular economy in Portugal (2017-2020)

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ministry of Environment, Portugal

Year: 

2017

""Leading the transition: a circular economy action plan for Portugal" was recently adopted by the portuguese Council of Ministers in december 11th 2017, published in the Journal of the Portuguese Government." (https://circulareconomy.europa.eu/platform/en/strategies)

German Resource Efficiency Programme II: Programme for the sustainable use and conservation of natural resources

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety

Year: 

2016

"Natural resources are defined as all components of nature: biotic and abiotic resources, physical space (such as land), environmental media (water, soil and air), flow resources (such as geothermal, wind, tide and solar energy), and the diversity of all living organisms. Natural resources are essential for life on our planet, and always will be. Many natural resources, however, are in limited supply. Conserving natural resources is therefore of vital importance, including for future generations. The Federal Government embraces its responsibility in this regard. As early as 2002, it set a...

Environmental evaluation of concrete made from recycled concrete aggregate implementing Life Cycle Assessment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Nicolas Serres, Sandrine Braymand, Françoise Feugeas

Year: 

2016

"Recycled concrete aggregates from demolition constitute one of the largest waste streams within the developed countries. These study aims to quantify environmental impacts associated with mixing compositions of concrete made of waste materials by using LCA. Environmental performances of natural, recycled and mixed 20-mm concrete samples, formulated with the same mechanical strength regarding the functional unit, were evaluated. Eight millimeter concrete samples, formulated with natural or recycled (concrete or terracotta brick) aggregates - with the same volume composition of the granular...

Circular Economy Mapping Week

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Circular Economy Club

Year: 

2018

"CEC is thrilled by the participation, knowledge and network built through the Circular Economy Mapping Week held in over 65 cities worldwide during this past week [5th – 11th February 2018]. During this week, CEC Organizers voluntarily set up group sessions to map the circular initiatives in their cities. Workshops took place in 65+ cities, including Bangkok, Buenos Aires, Cape Town, Madrid, Montreal, New York, London, São Paulo, Singapore and Taipei.

The CEC Mapping Week had two objectives:

  1. To bring together circular enthusiasts to discuss and learn
  2. ...

Phosphorus Recycling from Manure - A Case Study on the Circular Economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marie-José Smits, Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2018

In this case study paper, phosphorus recycling from manure is discussed, with a special focus on the recycling process developed by the BioEcoSIM consortium. We analysed phosphorus flows globally, at a European level and on a national level, with a focus on the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, as in some other regions in Western Europe, there is excess supply of manure due to intensive livestock production. The oversupply, combined with legislation, generates a negative manure price. This negative manure price creates the business case for BioEcoSIM and other manure processing techniques....

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