Earnings, jobs and innovation: the role of recycling in a green economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Anders Bjørn, Christian Fischer, Sabine Haselsteiner, Jan Kosmol, Christian Löwe, Naoko Tojo, Özgür Saki





"This short report explains the role of recycling in the green economy and examines the evidence of its contribution in Europe, focusing primarily on the economic benefits that recycling offers." (https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/earnings-jobs-and-innovation-the)


Type of evidence: 

"TechnoGIN calculates the required inputs (labour demand, fertiliser demand, biocide demand, water demand and the related costs) for given target yields in a crop rotation. The generated input-output and cost-benefit relationships for the main crop activities in a region are next used in an optimization model (e.g. (FSSIM) at the farm or regional level."


Type of evidence: 

"The SUSMETRO Impact Assessment tool provides information on the expected effects of spatial planning with regard to the self-supportive capacities of the region (ecological footprint) and the share of recreational and nature conservation facilities (land uses functions), offering cost-benefit calculations regarding the expected economic revenues."


Type of evidence: 

‘GTAP was built as a general equilibrium model, assuming perfect competition and constant returns to scale, for 87 world regions and 57 commodities. The model allows for a sophisticated treatment of consumer demands, detailed treatment of international trade and transport costs and a global banking sector.’


Type of evidence: 

"EXPAMOD (Extrapolation Model) is used for up-scaling the outcomes from FSSIM to the European scale, in the form of price-supply relationships. EXPAMOD estimates a meta supply response function, by means of an econometric approach, depending on price variations, farm characteristics, and corresponding soil and climate."


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