Economic stability/uncertainty

A review on circular economy: the expected transition to a balanced interplay of environmental and economic systems

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrizia Ghisellini, Catia Cialani, Sergio Ulgiati

Source: 

University of Bologna, Dalarna University, Parthenope Universtiy of Naples, Beijing Normal Unversity

Year: 

2016

"This study provides an extensive review of the literature of last two decades, with the purpose of grasping the main CE features and perspectives: origins, basic principles, advantages and disadvantages, modelling and implementation of CE at the different levels (micro, meso and macro) worldwide." (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959652615012287)

Regulatory barriers for the Circular Economy: Lessons from ten case studies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Joost van Barneveld et al.

Source: 

Technopolis Group, Fraunhofer ISI, thinkstep, Wuppertal Institute

Year: 

2016

This report takes a look at several circular economy practices and identifies regulatory barriers that obstruct their full potential. Subsequently, recommendations are provided on how to overcome these barriers.

Biofuels in the long-run global energy supply mix for transportation

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Govinda R. Timilsina

Source: 

Philosophical Transaction od the Royal Society A

Year: 

2014

"Various policy instruments along with increasing oil prices have contributed to a sixfold increase in global biofuels production over the last decade (2000–2010). This rapid growth has proved controversial, however, and has raised concerns over potential conflicts with global food security and climate change mitigation. To address these concerns, policy support is now focused on advanced or second-generation biofuels instead of crop-based first-generation biofuels. This policy shift, together with the global financial crisis, has slowed the growth of biofuels production, which has...

The effect of bioenergy expansion: Food, energy, and environment

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

J. Popp, Z.Lakner, M.Harangi-Rákos, M.Fári

Source: 

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

Year: 

2014

"The increasing prices and environmental impacts of fossil fuels have made the production of biofuels to reach unprecedented volumes over the last 15 years. Given the increasing land requirement for biofuel production, the assessment of the impacts that extensive biofuel production may cause to food supply and to the environment has considerable importance. Agriculture faces some major inter-connected challenges in delivering food security at a time of increasing pressures from population growth, changing consumption patterns and dietary preferences, and post-harvest losses. At the same...

Integration of Advanced Biofuels in the Circular Economy: Identifying major innovation options

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

René van Ree

Source: 

IEA Bioenergy

Year: 

2016

Discusses ideal bioeconomy using biofuel and bioenergy, with an analysis of fuel projects, commercial status of various biofuel technologies, cascading use of biomass, and market values of different products

Risks and Opportunities in the Global Phosphate Rock Market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marjolein de Ridder, Sijbren de Jong, Joshua Polchar, Stephanie Lingemann

Source: 

HCSS

Year: 

2012

"The report aims primarily to raise awareness within Europe that the EU is almost entirely dependent on imported phosphate rock from the rest of the world and consequently vulnerable to disruptions in the supply of this important commodity. This means that the European food security and agricultural sector are at risk. The report formulates several perspectives for action on how the EU could deal with developments on the phosphate rock market and reduce its vulnerability to potential shocks." (p. 18)

Recycling of metals from urban mines- a strategic evaluation

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Zhi Sun, Yanping Xiao, Hanneke Agterhuis, Jilt Sietsma, Yongxiang Yang

Source: 

Journal of Cleaner Production

Year: 

2015

Urban mining has attracted increasing attention as a research topic, owing to the high growth rate, environmental issues, and market potential of waste generated in urban areas. Metal recovery from such waste has become increasingly important especially in accordance with the concept of metal criticality. This study develops a model by evaluating various types of urban waste in order to understand the criticality of these waste streams and determine their potential for metal recovery. Two factors, i.e. the resource index and technology index, are defined and assessed through a systematic...

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 3: Accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, McKinsey & Company

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2014

"Towards the Circular Economy vol.3: accelerating the scale-up across global supply chains, finds that over US$1 trillion a year could be generated by 2025 for the global economy and 100,000 new jobs created for the next five years if companies focused on encouraging the build-up of circular supply chains to increase the rate of recycling, reuse, and remanufacture. This would maximize the value of materials when products approach the end of their use." (...

Business Model Innovation in a Circular Economy Reasons for Non-Acceptance of Circular Business Models

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Patrick Planing

Source: 

Hochschule Pforzheim University

Year: 

2016

"The overall aim of this paper is to develop a new conceptual framework for business model innovation in a circular economy and to explore the reasons for consumer non-adoption of business models in this context." (p. 1)

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