National

ROMEO

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Robert FRANKE

Source: 

H2020

Year: 

2016

"The ROMEO project tackles process intensification for catalytic-driven and eco-friendly reaction systems. ROMEO stands for "Reactor Optimisation by Membrane Enhanced Operation". It is a Research and Innovation project and has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme. ROMEO focuses on a new reactor concept to drasti-cally reduce energy consumption. It will lead to the manufacturing of bulk chemicals at consider-ably lower operational and investment costs. The aim of ROMEO is to reduce energy consump-tion by up to 80% and emissions by up to...

MefCO2

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ángel Sánchez Díaz, Rocío Pacios Blein

Source: 

Spire2030

Year: 

2014

"Methanol represents one of the most common and widespread platform chemicals and precursors for further synthesis, and is traditionally produced from synthesis gas, obtained by the reforming of natural gas. This methanol synthesis process operates in a stable, high-throughput manner and demands low carbon dioxide/carbon monoxide ratios in feed. The current project is to encompass flexible (in operation and feed) methanol synthesis with high carbon dioxide concentration-streams as an input, the latter originating from thermal power stations using fossil fuels. The technology is also...

2015 Bioenergy Market Report

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ethan Warner, Kristi Moriarty, John Lewis, Anelia Milbrandt, Amy Schwab

Source: 

US Department of Energy

Year: 

2017

"This report provides a status of the markets and technology development involved in growing a domestic bioenergy economy. It compiles and integrates information to provide a snapshot of the current state and historical trends influencing the development of bioenergy markets. This information is intended for policy-makers as well as technology developers and investors tracking bioenergy developments. It also highlights some of the key energy and regulatory drivers of bioenergy markets. This report is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO...

The Litte Book of Biofuels

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

BirdLife International, European Environmental Bureau (EEB), Transport & Environment (T&E)

Year: 

2014

"With the launch of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) in 2009, Europe’s demand for biofuels has skyrocketed. To meet this new demand, the global production of biofuels has also increased significantly. In fact, did you know that every car in Europe uses a blend of biofuels? That’s how common this product has become. Biofuels use vegetable oils, cereals, sugars and waste fats – mainly extracted from rapeseed, soy, palm trees, corn and wheat – to create energy. Because biofuels are derived from plant products, any increase or decrease in their use has a direct impact on agriculture...

Study on modelling of the economic and environmental impacts of raw material consumption

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Bio Intelligence Sevices

Year: 

2014

"This report provides a quantative analysis of different resource productivity (RP) targets for the EU. Resource productivity in this study is defined as GDP per unit of raw material consumption (RMC), instead of the usual GDP per unit of domestic material consumption (DMC). The RMC-based indicator adjusts the weight of materials recorded at border crossings so that they are counted as if they were produced domestically." (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enveco/resource_efficiency/pdf/RMC.pdf)

Priorities for critical materials for a circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

EASAC

Year: 

2016

"This report reviews briefly the historical criteria for critical raw materials currently under review by the Commission and the Joint Research Centre (JRC), and notes that many critical materials still have very low recycling rates which increases the demand for virgin materials and therefore reduces lifetime of supply. EASAC is in broad agreement with the criteria that the Commission proposes to apply in selecting critical materials for the new list in 2017 but notes that environmental impacts of extraction of raw materials are substantial and should be considered in the criticality...

Assessment of resource efficiency indicators and targets

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Shailendra Mudgal, Adrian Tan, Sarah Lockwood, Nina Eisenmenger, Marina Fischer-Kowalski, Stefan Giljum, Martin Brucker

Year: 

2012

"This study investigates how indicators and targets of resource use can be applied in policy to increase resource efficiency in the EU. The objective of this study is to identify and assess indicators related to resource use and their environmental impacts and to evaluate the possibility of setting corresponding targets. Ultimately, the study aims to present recommendations for the implementation of indicators and targets in the EU policy context." (p. 19)

Opportunities to tackle Britain's labour market challenges through growth in the circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Julian Morgan, Peter Mitchell

Source: 

WRAP, Green Alliance

Year: 

2015

"Britain faces huge economic challenges in its use of labour and scarce natural resources. Although unemployment is now falling, the risk of being out of work is higher in some regions and for some types of occupations. While Britain has significantly increased its resource efficiency in recent years, supply risks in an increasingly competitive global economy mean that we need to get better at using natural resources. The analysis in this study shows that these challenges are linked, as improving our resource efficiency can make a valuable contribution to improving Britain’s labour market...

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 2: opportunities for the consumer goods sector

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2013

"The report focuses on fast-moving consumer goods, which currently accounts for about 60 per cent of total consumer spending, 35 per cent of material inputs into the economy, and 75 per cent of municipal waste. Importantly, the consumer goods sector absorbs more than 90 per cent of our agricultural output - possibly our most embattled resource in the future." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/towards-the-circul...)

Resource efficiency in Europe - Policies and approaches in 31 EEA member and cooperating countries

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Paweł Kaźmierczyk, Mikkel Stenbæk Hansen, Jens Günther, David McKinnon, Christian Loewe, Fredrik Lingvall, Tamas Kristof Kallay, Jozsef Szlezak, Bettina Bahn-Walkowiak, Marton Herczeg, Dominic Wittmer

Source: 

EEA

Year: 

2011

"This report provides an overview of resource efficiency policies and instruments in 31 member and cooperating countries of the EEA’s Eionet network. A detailed survey was conducted during the first half of 2011 to collect, analyse and disseminate information about national experiences in developing and implementing resource efficiency policies, with the goal to facilitate the sharing of experiences and good practice. The report reviews national approaches to resource efficiency and explores similarities and differences in policies, strategies, indicators and targets, policy drivers and...

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