National

Eco-efficiency Trends in the UK Steel and Aluminum Industries

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Kristina Dahlström, Paul Ekins

Source: 

Year: 

2005

"Measures of eco‐efficiency—broadly understood as “getting more from less”—often include an economic and an environmental variable. The latter is often seen as the more problematic variable, particularly when used in relation to impacts of public concern. But an analysis of resource and value trends in the U.K. steel and aluminum industries over the last 30 yr showed that there are significant problems associated with using economic variables in measures of eco‐efficiency at the sectoral level. The research found that the U.K. steel and aluminum industries have improved the effectiveness...

Crossing the threshold: municipal waste policy and household waste generation

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Harriet Bulkeley, Nicky Gregson

Source: 

Year: 

2009

"This paper connects research on home-based consumption with research on waste policy and governance. We argue that, in order to meet the enhanced goals of waste reduction specified in Waste Strategy for England 2007, UK municipal waste policy needs a far closer engagement with the household, the primary unit of consumption. Opening-up the ‘black box’ of the household, we show why the potential for achieving enhanced rates of materials diversion through recycling is limited in certain neighbourhoods. We demonstrate the potential for furthering waste reduction through the intensification of...

How effective are current household recycling policies? Results from a national survey of U.S. households

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Jean-Daniel M. Saphores, Hillary Nixon

Source: 

Year: 

2014

"This paper analyzes a unique dataset collected during a 2006 national survey of U.S. households to explore the effectiveness of common household recycling policies for metals, glass, and plastics: curbside recycling, drop-off recycling, deposit–refund systems (bottle bills), and marginal pricing for household waste. After estimating either generalized ordered logit or multinomial logit models, we find that the most important determinants of household recycling are people's attitudes toward recycling. Our results also suggest that omitting internal variables (perceived recycling obstacles...

An exploration of measures of social sustainability and their application to supply chain decisions

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Margot J. Hutchins, John W. Sutherland

Source: 

Year: 

2008

"Sustainability recognizes the interdependence of ecological, social, and economic systems – the three pillars of sustainability. The definition of corporate social responsibility (CSR) often advocates ethical behavior with respect to these systems. As more corporations commit to sustainability and CSR policies, there is increasing pressure to consider social impacts throughout the supply chain. This paper reviews metrics, indicators, and frameworks of social impacts and initiatives relative to their ability to evaluate the social sustainability of supply chains. Then, the relationship...

Motives and barriers of the remanufacturing industry in China

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Shuoguo Wei, Dongbo Cheng, Erik Sundin, Ou Tang

Source: 

Year: 

2015

"Realizing the importance of remanufacturing for sustainable development due to the large scale of the economy and its increasing pressure on the environment, the Chinese government has been strongly promoting its remanufacturing industry since around 2008. The objective of this paper is to identify the motives and barriers for remanufacturing in China. According to the survey conducted among remanufacturers in China, environmental and ethical responsibility, customer orientation and strategic advantage are the three most important motives, while customer recognition is the most serious...

New era. New plan. Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Femke Groothuis et al.

Source: 

The Ex'tax Project, Deloitte, EY, KMPG Meijburg, PwC, Cambridge Econometrics, Trucost...

Year: 

2016

"The report 'New era. New Plan. Europe' shows us the possibilities and opportunities a fundamental shift in taxes has to offer. It is a valuable study for policy- and decision makers in businesses and governments who are looking for solutions to address the challenges of our time: climate change, pollution, inequality, unemployment and resource scarcity." (http://www.neweranewplan.com/)

Towards circular economy implementation: a comprehensive review in context of manufacturing industry

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Michael Lieder, Amir Rashid

Source: 

Department of Production Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Year: 

2015

This review paper aims to analyse the research landscape and context of circular economy research so far, explore the perspective on it that combines aspects of resources scarcity, environmental impact and economic benefits, and develop a framework mainly for the manufacturing industry, based on these aspects.

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