Industry

Environmental potential of the collaborative economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, Trinomics, Vito, VVA

Year: 

2018

"Collaborative platforms, such as Airbnb, Blablacar and Peerby, have changed the ways in which goods and services are offered and consumed in the economy. There has been a recent growth in studies analysing the drivers, impacts and scope of the collaborative economy. Some of them point to positive environmental impacts of such platforms. However, none of the studies so far have provided a systematic, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the impacts. This study fills this gap by answering two questions: (1) What is the environmental impact of the collaborative economy today and in the...

Impacts of circular economy policies on the labour market

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, ICF, Trinomics

Year: 

2018

"The study looked at trends of circular economy activities across different sectors and quantified these activities as modelling inputs to provide employment changes for different sectors. Furthermore, the analysis provide estimates of the occupational shifts and skills requirements that a shift to a more circular economy could entail. The aim of this report is to develop an understanding of how a transition towards a more circular and resource efficient economy in Europe will affect labour markets across the Member States." (...

Cooperation fostering industrial symbiosis market potential, good practice and policy actions

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Teresa Domenech, Asel Doranova, Matthew Smith

Source: 

Technopolis, UCL, International Synergies, Trinomics

Year: 

2018

This study aims to answer three main research tasks:

- Identify key succes factors as wel as issues hindering the development of industrial symbiosis
- Assess policy actions that support industrial symbiosis at different levels
- Assess the feasibility and options of EU-level interventions to contribute to scaling up and promoting IS initiatives across Europe or an EU-level trading platform for secondary raw materials (p. 10)

From waste to resource productivity - Report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser

Type of evidence: 

Year: 

2017

"This report is presented in two parts: The first is the summary report of the Government Chief Scientific Adviser. This was developed as a result of seminars and the advice of the experts who provided the source of the evidence. The second part, the evidence, has been gathered from and written by a distinguished group of experts. The evidence takes two forms: chapters that consider a major aspect of the waste and resource productivity landscape; and individual case studies that illuminate points of detail and principle. The evidence section provides the views of the experts themselves,...

Circular Consumer Electronics: An initial exploration

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2018

"We are increasingly surrounded by ever more complex products, from smartphones and computers to wearable devices. Although these devices have become an essential part of life, most are still treated as if they are disposable. 

If we want to enjoy the benefits of technological innovation and access to the services that electronic devices bring, we need to create an electronics system that works. This paper offers an initial overview of how the principles of a circular economy could be applied to the electronics industry, where the...

A New Textiles Economy: Redesigning fashion's future

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew Morlet, Rob Opsomer, Dr Sven Herrmann, Laura Balmond, Camille Gillet, Lukas Fuchs

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2017

"Fashion is a vibrant industry that employs hundreds of millions, generates significant revenues, and touches almost everyone, everywhere. Since the 20th century, clothing has increasingly been considered as disposable, and the industry has become highly globalised, with garments often designed in one country, manufactured in another and sold worldwide at an ever-increasing pace. This trend has been further accentuated over the past 15 years by rising demand from a growing middle class across the globe with higher disposable income, and the

...

Policies and Practices for Eco-Innovation Uptake and Circular Economy Transition

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Asel Doranova, Laura Roman, Bettina Bahn-Walkowiak, Henning Wilts, Meghan O'Brien, Stefan Giljum, Mary Ann Kong, Mathieu Hestin...

Source: 

Eco Innovation Observatory

Year: 

2016

"The 2016 report of the Eco-Innovation Observatory  Policies and Practices for Eco-Innovation Uptake and Circular Economy Transition discusses the role of policy for eco-innovation in the circular economy transition. It looks at the present framework conditions fostered by European policies and how the circular economy concept is being embedded in a current policy context at the EU level and in the Member States. It also discusses the bottom-up and top-down circular economy challenges. 32 good practice examples of circular economy oriented eco-innovations and initiatives from the EU Member...

Green Technology Choices: The Environmental and Resource Implications of Low-Carbon Technologies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

S. Suh, J. Bergesen, T.J. Gibon, E. Hertwich, M. Taptich

Source: 

International Resource Panel

Year: 

2017

"What happens when low-carbon electricity supply technologies are deployed alongside energy efficiency technologies? The International Resource Panel's assessment looks at the impacts and benefits for people and the environment." (http://www.resourcepanel.org/reports/green-technology-choices)

Sustainable Development in the European Union - Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Eurostat

Year: 

2017

"Sustainable development is firmly anchored in the European Treaties and has been at the heart of European policy for a long time. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, gives a new impetus to global efforts for achieving sustainable development. The EU is fully committed to playing an active role to maximise progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. This publication marks the beginning of Eurostat’s regular monitoring of progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. The...

Industrial Symbiosis in Kalundborg, Denmark: A Quantative Assessment of Economic and Environmental Aspects

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Noel Brings Jacobsen

Year: 

2006

"As a subdiscipline of industrial ecology, industrial symbiosis is concerned with resource optimization among colocated companies. The industrial symbiosis complex in Kalundborg, Denmark is the seminal example of industrial symbiosis in the industrial ecology literature. In spite of this, there has been no in-depth quantitative analysis enabling more comprehensive understanding of economic and environmental performances connected to this case. In this article some of the central industrial symbiotic exchanges, involving water and steam, in Kalundborg are analyzed, using detailed economic...

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