Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, Trinomics, Vito, VVA
"Collaborative platforms, such as Airbnb, Blablacar and Peerby, have changed the ways in which goods and services are offered and consumed in the economy. There has been a recent growth in studies analysing the drivers, impacts and scope of the collaborative economy. Some of them point to positive environmental impacts of such platforms. However, none of the studies so far have provided a systematic, qualitative and quantitative analysis of the impacts. This study fills this gap by answering two questions: (1) What is the environmental impact of the collaborative economy today and in the...
Cambridge Econometrics, Directorate-General for Environment, ICF, Trinomics
"The study looked at trends of circular economy activities across different sectors and quantified these activities as modelling inputs to provide employment changes for different sectors. Furthermore, the analysis provide estimates of the occupational shifts and skills requirements that a shift to a more circular economy could entail. The aim of this report is to develop an understanding of how a transition towards a more circular and resource efficient economy in Europe will affect labour markets across the Member States." (...
"Circular City Governance - An explorative research study into current barriers and governance practices in circular city transitions across Europe presents the results of an empirical research study carried out by a team of the Nijmegen School of Management, Radboud University Nijmegen (The Netherlands), commissioned by the EIB. The research activities ran from October to December 2017. The main objective of the study was to support the EIB and other members of the UAPCE involved in the working group on “Circular City Governance” (CCG) with the identification, analysis and elaboration of...
Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs
"This study assesses the business environment affecting the collaborative economy across six themes (accommodation, transport, finance, public administration, business support and alignment) in the 28 EU Member States. The study has established indicators to measure the main features affecting the development of the collaborative economy. It has developed a “Collaborative Economy Index” to benchmark the business environment. Based on the Index results, the study puts forward suggestions for the further development of the collaborative economy in the EU. The study concludes that there is no...
Julian Kirchherr, Laura Piscelli, Ruben Bour, Erica Kostense-Smit, Jennifer Muller, Anne Huibrechtse-Truijens, Marko Hekkert
Utrecht University, Deloitte
"The circular economy concept is much discussed in the European Union (EU), but only limited progress has been accomplished so far regarding its implementation. Most scholarly studies blame this on various technological barriers. Our work rebuts these studies. We present the first large-N-study on circular economy barriers in the EU (208 survey respondents, 47 expert interviews). We find that cultural barriers, particularly a lack of consumer interest and awareness as well as a hesitant company culture, are considered the main circular economy barriers by businesses and policy-makers....
Technopolis, UCL, International Synergies, Trinomics
This study aims to answer three main research tasks:
- Identify key succes factors as wel as issues hindering the development of industrial symbiosis
- Assess policy actions that support industrial symbiosis at different levels
- Assess the feasibility and options of EU-level interventions to contribute to scaling up and promoting IS initiatives across Europe or an EU-level trading platform for secondary raw materials (p. 10)
This report aims at providing an overview of possible macroeconomic and other impacts that increasing the share of biofuels and other renewable-energy sources could have. Since several studies have been conducted on these topics already, the project team’s work for this report took the form of desk research (as opposed to the case-study work done for other topic areas within CIRCULAR IMPACTS). The project team identified relevant studies in recent literature and collected their key findings into an integrated overview. Due to the importance of biological energy sources both in the EU...
"The objective of this report is to study the consistency of the EoW criteria among different European countries. In the Netherlands there is one regulation with EoW criteria, specifically for construction and demolition waste. Comparable regulations for inert aggregates are available for the United Kingdom, France and Austria. These EoW criteria for construction and demolition waste (inert aggregates) among the four countries the Netherlands, United Kingdom, France and Austria are compared in this report. An overview of other EU and national EoW regulations is given. The consequences for...
"This background paper was prepared in the context of the stakeholders’ workshop that will be held the 25 May 2016 at the premises of the European Commission in Brussels, in the framework of the project ‘Resource efficient use of mixed waste’. The purpose of this background paper is to:
Introduce the seminar on “Improving management of construction and demolition waste”
Present the study “Resource efficient use of mixed waste”
"This report provides a non-technical summary of the latest information on electric road vehicles in Europe, including those with hybrid technologies. It focuses upon electric passenger vehicles, explaining the different types that are now available on the market, how each type works, and their respective advantages and disadvantages. The report also outlines how many countries in Europe are presently using incentives to encourage the further uptake of electric passenger vehicles, and it identifies the main barriers restricting their broader use. The latest information on electric...