Models/scenario building

Impacts of Biofuels and Renewable Energy - Data Collection Report

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ecologic Institute

Year: 

2018

This report aims at providing an overview of possible macroeconomic and other impacts that increasing the share of biofuels and other renewable-energy sources could have. Since several studies have been conducted on these topics already, the project team’s work for this report took the form of desk research (as opposed to the case-study work done for other topic areas within CIRCULAR IMPACTS). The project team identified relevant studies in recent literature and collected their key findings into an integrated overview. Due to the importance of biological energy sources both in the EU...

Phosphorus Recycling from Manure - A Case Study on the Circular Economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Marie-José Smits, Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2018

In this case study paper, phosphorus recycling from manure is discussed, with a special focus on the recycling process developed by the BioEcoSIM consortium. We analysed phosphorus flows globally, at a European level and on a national level, with a focus on the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, as in some other regions in Western Europe, there is excess supply of manure due to intensive livestock production. The oversupply, combined with legislation, generates a negative manure price. This negative manure price creates the business case for BioEcoSIM and other manure processing techniques....

'The macroeconomics of the circular economy transition: a critical review of modelling approaches

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew MacCarthy, Rob Dellink

Source: 

OECD

Year: 

2017

"The focus of this paper is to review the literature on the [...] macroeconomic implications of the transition to a more circular economy and increased efficiency in the use of material resources. Addressing this issue is complex. Any such transition will involve multiple interactions between different sectors and countries, and will take place parallel with other trends like digitalisation and automation. Ex ante, economy-wide quantatitve models apppear to be best suited to analysing this transition as they capture the major drivers of economic consequences. Furthermore, there is...

Green Technology Choices: The Environmental and Resource Implications of Low-Carbon Technologies

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

S. Suh, J. Bergesen, T.J. Gibon, E. Hertwich, M. Taptich

Source: 

International Resource Panel

Year: 

2017

"What happens when low-carbon electricity supply technologies are deployed alongside energy efficiency technologies? The International Resource Panel's assessment looks at the impacts and benefits for people and the environment." (http://www.resourcepanel.org/reports/green-technology-choices)

Sustainable Development in the European Union - Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Eurostat

Year: 

2017

"Sustainable development is firmly anchored in the European Treaties and has been at the heart of European policy for a long time. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by the UN General Assembly in September 2015, gives a new impetus to global efforts for achieving sustainable development. The EU is fully committed to playing an active role to maximise progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. This publication marks the beginning of Eurostat’s regular monitoring of progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. The...

The macro-economic and societal impacts of the circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2017

The circular economy is an instrument to reduce primary resource use and environmental impacts of the economy. However, in current policy documents of the EU (EC 2015) it is also seen as a way to increase growth, employment, and international competitiveness. This may be one of the reasons why one would like to include the progress towards the circular economy in the communication between member states and the EC in the European Semester

...

Scenario analysis for a circular economy

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Geert Woltjer

Source: 

Wageningen University and Research

Year: 

2017

In many reports scenarios for the circular economy are designed in order to evaluate the macroeconomic, environmental and societal impact of a transition towards a circular economy. We distinguish an opportunity based scenario approach as for example developed by the Ellen MacArthur foundation and a policy-based approach, as for example modelled for Turkey by Bouzaher et al. (2015). Such a policy-based scenario approach is developed

...

Delivering the circular economy - a toolkit for policymakers

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Andrew Morlet et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2016

This report wants to provide countries and their policy makers who are interested in a transition to the circular economy with a toolkit. To test this toolkit, a case study was performed for Denmark. It focused on opportunities in several sectors; food and beverage, construction and real estate, machinery, plastic packaging and hospitals. Eight important conclusions were drawn:

• The transition to a circular economy can deliver the expected lasting benefits of a more innovative, resilient and productive economy.
• The circular economy provides many opportunities that are...

Growth within: A circular economy vision for a competitive Europe

Type of evidence: 

Author names: 

Ellen MacArthur et al.

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation, the McKinsey Center for Business and Environment (sponsered by Stiftungsfonds für Umweltökonomie)

Year: 

2015

This report seeks to answer five questions:

1. Is Europe’s current resource model effective?
2. Will the technology revolution solve Europe’s resource issues?
3. What would a circular economy in Europe look like?
4. What economic outcomes could a circular model achieve in Europe?
5. If Europe decided to shift towards a circular model, how could policy-makers and business leaders accelerate the transition?

Three of Europe’s most resource-intensive basic needs are discussed; food, mobility and the built environment, all together comprising 60% of...

Towards the Circular Economy Vol. 1: an economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition

Type of evidence: 

Source: 

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Year: 

2012

"Using product case studies and economic-wide analysis, this report details the potential for significant benefits across the EU. It argues that a subset of the EU manufacturing sector could realise net materials cost savings worth up to $ 630 billion p.a. towards 2025 - stimulating economic activity in areas of product development, remanufacturing and refurbishment." (https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/...

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